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Geography of Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan is situated in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Three physical features dominate Azerbaijan: the Caspian Sea, whose shoreline forms a natural boundary to the east; the Greater Caucasus mountain range to the north; and the extensive flatlands at the country's center. About the size of Portugal or the state of Maine, Azerbaijan has a total land area of approximately 86,600 square kilometers, less than 1% of the land area of the former Soviet Union. Of the three Transcaucasian states, Azerbaijan has the greatest land area....

Geography of Armenia

Armenia is a landlocked country in the Transcaucasia region, between the Black and Caspian Seas, bordered on the north and east by Georgia and Azerbaijan and on the south and west by Iran and Turkey. The terrain is mostly mountainous and flat, with fast flowing rivers and few forests but with many trees. The climate is highland continental: hot summers and cold winters. The land rises to 4,095 m above sea-level at Mount Aragats. Pollution from toxic chemicals such as DDT is not helping the already poor soil quality in many parts of the country....

Geography of American Samoa

American Samoa, located within the geographical region of Oceania, is one of only two possessions of the United States in the Southern Hemisphere, the other being Jarvis Island. Its total land area is —slightly larger than Washington, D.C.—consisting of five rugged, volcanic islands and two coral atolls. The five volcanic islands are: Tutuila, Aunu'u, Ofu, Olosega, Tau. The coral atolls are: Swains, and Rose Atoll. Of the seven islands, Rose Atoll is an uninhabited Marine National Monument....

Geography of Antarctica

The geography of Antarctica is dominated by its south polar location and, thus, by ice. The Antarctic continent, located in the Earth's southern hemisphere, is centered asymmetrically around the South Pole and largely south of the Antarctic Circle. It is surrounded by the southern waters of the World Ocean – alternatively (depending on source), it is washed by the Southern (or Antarctic) Ocean or the southern Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans. It has an area of more than 14 million km²....

Geography of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in Southeastern Europe, in the western Balkans. It has a 932 km border with Croatia to the north and southwest, a 312 km border with Serbia to the east, and a 215 km border with Montenegro to the southeast. It borders the Adriatic Sea along its 20 km (12.42 mi) coastline. The most striking features of the local terrain are valleys and mountains which measure up to 2386 m in height. The country is mostly mountainous, encompassing the central Dinaric Alps....

Geography of Botswana

Botswana is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa, north of South Africa. Botswana occupies an area of, of which are land. Botswana has land boundaries of combined length, of which the constituent boundaries are shared with Namibia, for ; South Africa ; Zimbabwe, and Zambia, less than . Much of the population of Botswana is concentrated in the eastern part of the country. Sunshine totals are high all year round although winter is the sunniest period. The whole country is windy and dusty during the dry season. ClimateBotswana is semi-arid, due to the short rain season....

Geography of Brazil

The country of Brazil occupies roughly half of South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Brazil covers a total area of which includes of land and of water. The highest point in Brazil is Pico da Neblina at . Brazil is bordered by the countries of Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela. Much of the climate is tropical, with the south being relatively temperate. The largest river in Brazil, and one of the longest in the world, is the Amazon....

Geography of the British Virgin Islands

See also: British Virgin Islands The British Virgin Islands are located in the Caribbean, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico.Its geographic coordinates are . Map references include Central America and the Caribbean. The area totals 151 km² (about 0.9 times the size of Washington, DC) and comprises 16 inhabited and more than 20 uninhabited islands; includes the islands of Tortola, Anegada, Virgin Gorda and Jost van Dyke. There are no bodies of water on the land. There are no land boundaries. There is 80 km of coastline....

Geography of Brunei

Brunei is in Southeastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia. Its geographical coordinates are . Brunei shares a border with Malaysia and has a coastline. Climate The climate in Brunei is tropical equatorial and humid subtropical at higher altitudes with heavy rainfall. Bandar Seri Begawan's climate is tropical equatorial with two seasons. Dry season is extremely hot (. Wet or rainy season is generally warm and wet . Most of the country is a flat coastal plain with mountains in the east and hilly lowland in the west....

Geography of Bulgaria

Bulgaria is a country situated in south-eastern Europe, bordering Romania, Serbia, the Republic of Macedonia, Greece, Turkey and the Black Sea. Its northern border with Romania follows the Danube river until Silistra. The land area of Bulgaria is 110,550 square kilometers, slightly larger than that of Iceland or the U.S. state of Tennessee. The country is situated on the west coast of the Black Sea, with Romania to the north, Greece and Turkey to the south, and Serbia and Macedonia to the west. Considering its small size, Bulgaria has a great variety of topographical features....

Geography of Burundi: Burundi is located in central Africa, to the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, at the co-ordinates . Physical geography Burundi occupies an area equal to in size, of which is land. T...

Geography of Canada: The geography of Canada describes the geographic features of Canada, the world's second largest country in total area. Situated in northern North America (constituting 41% of the continent's area), Ca...

Geography of Chad: Chad is a one of the 48 land-locked countries in the world. :Located north central Africa measuring, roughly three times the size of California. Most of its ethnically and linguistically diverse pop...

Geography of Cambodia: Cambodia is a country in Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos. Its approximate geographical coordinates are . Its 2,572 km border is split among Vi...

Geography of Cameroon: At, Cameroon is the world's 53rd largest country. It is comparable in size to Papua New Guinea, and somewhat larger than the U.S. state of California. Cameroon's landmass is, with of water. The count...

Geography of Cape Verde: Cape Verde is a group of arid Atlantic islands which are home to a number of birds and reptiles and constitute a unique ecoregion in the World Wildlife Fund classification. Location and description ...

Geography of Croatia: The Geography of Croatia is defined by its location— it is described as a part of Central Europe and Southeast Europe, a part of the Balkans and Mitteleuropa. Croatia's territory covers, making it t...

Geography of Cyprus: The geography of Cyprus comprises both physical and human geography. Cyprus is an island country situated in the Eastern Basin of the Mediterranean Sea. Cyprus is the third largest island in the Medi...

Geography of Colombia: The Republic of Colombia is located in the northwestern region of South America, bordering to the east with Venezuela and Brazil; to the south with Ecuador and Peru; to the North with the Atlantic Oce...

Geography of the Czech Republic: The Czech landscape is quite varied. Bohemia, to the west, consists of a river basin, drained by the Elbe (Czech: Labe) and Vltava rivers. It is surrounded by mostly low mountains such as the Sudetes ...

Geography of Comoros: The Comoros archipelago consists of four main islands aligned along a northwest-southeast axis at the north end of the Mozambique Channel, between Mozambique and the island of Madagascar. Still widely...

Geography of the Cook Islands: The Cook Islands can be divided into two groups: the Southern Cook Islands and the Northern Cook Islands. Southern Cook Islands Aitutaki Atiu Mangaia Manuae Mauke Mitiaro (Home of the brave) Pal...

Geography of the Democratic Republic of the Congo: The Democratic Republic of the Congo is by the Congo River Basin, which covers an area of almost . The country's only outlet to the Atlantic Ocean is a narrow strip of land on the north bank of the C...

Geography of Denmark: Denmark is a Nordic country located in Northern Europe. It consists of the Jutland peninsula and several islands in the Baltic sea, referred to as the Danish Archipelago. Denmark is located southwest ...

Geography of Dominica: Dominica is an island in the Caribbean Sea, located about halfway between the French islands of Guadeloupe (to the north) and Martinique (to the south). Its coordinates are 15 25 N, 61 20 W. It is k...

Geography of the Dominican Republic: The Dominican Republic (Spanish: República Dominicana) is a country in the West Indies that occupies the eastern two-thirds of Hispaniola. It has an area of 48,442 km², including offshore islands....

Geography of Ecuador: Ecuador is a country in western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, for which the country is named. Ecuador encompasses a wide range of natural formations and climates, from the...

Geography of Egypt: The Geography of Egypt relates to two regions: North Africa and Southwest Asia. Egypt has coastlines on both the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. The country borders Libya to the west, the Gaza Stri...

Geography of El Salvador: The geography of El Salvador is unique among the nations of Central America. The country borders the North Pacific Ocean to the south and southwest, with Guatemala to the north-northwest and Honduras...

Geography of Equatorial Guinea: The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is located in west central Africa. Bioko Island lies about from Cameroon. Annobón Island lies about southwest of Bioko Island. The larger continental region of Rio...

Geography of Eritrea: Eritrea is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the northeast and east by the Red Sea, on the west and northwest by Sudan, on the south by Ethiopia, and on the southeast by Djibouti. The ...

Geography of Estonia: Between 57.3 and 59.5 latitude and 21.5 and 28.1 longitude, Estonia lies on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea on the level northwestern part of the rising east European platform. It borders the Gu...

Geography of the Faroe Islands: The Faroe Islands are an island group consisting of eighteen islands off the coast of Northern Europe, between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic, about half-way between Iceland and Norway. Its ...

Geography of French Polynesia: This article describes the geography of French Polynesia. Location : Oceania, archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between South America and Australia Geographic coordinates : ...

Geography of French Guiana: French Guiana is an overseas region of France, located on the northern coast of South America between Suriname and Brazil. Location Northern South America and part of Caribbean South America, borderi...

Geography of the Federated States of Micronesia: The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) consists of 607 islands extending 1,800 miles (2,900 km) across the archipelago of the Caroline Islands east of the Philippines. They are grouped into four s...

Geography of Gabon: Gabon is a country in West Africa, lying along the Atlantic Ocean, just south of the Bight of Biafra. Borders Gabon has a total of 2,551 km of international boundaries. It borders Equatorial Guinea...

Geography of Georgia (country): The geography of Georgia describes the geographic features of Georgia, a country in the Caucasus region. Situated at the juncture of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the ...

Geography of Ghana: Ghana is a country in Africa, along the Gulf of Guinea, just a few degrees north of the equator. Ghana encompasses plains, low hills, rivers, Lake Volta, the world's largest artificial lake, Dodi Isl...

Geography of Greenland: Greenland is located between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada and northwest of Iceland. The country comprises the island of Greenland - the largest island in the worl...

Geography of Grenada: This article describes the geography of Grenada. Grenada is a Caribbean island (one of the Grenadines) between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago. It is located at . ...

Geography of Guam: This article describes the geography of the United States territory of Guam. Location Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about a quarter of the way from the Philippines to Hawaii, U.S.A. Ge...

Geography of Guinea: Guinea is a country on the coast of West Africa and is bordered by Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. The country is divided into four geographic regions: A lowla...

Geography of Guinea-Bissau: This article describes the geography of Guinea-Bissau. Climate The climate in Guinea-Bissau is tropical. This means it is generally hot and humid. It has a monsoonal-type rainy season (June to Nove...

Geography of Guadeloupe: The department of Guadeloupe comprises five islands: Guadeloupe island composed of Basse-Terre Island and Grande-Terre (separated from Basse-Terre by a narrow sea channel called salt river) and the de...

Geography of Afghanistan: Afghanistan is a landlocked and mountainous country that is usually designated as being located in South Asia. It is sometimes described as being the center or heart of Asia, connecting South and East...

Geography of Albania: Albania has a total area of . It shares a border with Montenegro to the northwest, a border with Kosovo to the northeast, a border with Macedonia to the north and east, and a border with Greece to...

Geography of Haiti: The Republic of Haiti comprises the western third of the island of Hispaniola, west of the Dominican Republic. It is positioned between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. Haiti's geograp...

Geography of Honduras: Honduras is a country situated in Central America. Honduras borders the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean. Guatemala lies to the west, Nicaragua south east and El Salvador to the south wes...

Geography of Hong Kong: The geography of Hong Kong primarily consists of three main territories: Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and the New Territories. The name "Hong Kong", literally meaning "fragrant harbour", is d...

Geography of Hungary: With a land area of 93,033 square km, Hungary is a country in Central Europe. It measures about 250 km from north to south and 524 km from east to west. It has 2,258 km of boundaries, shared with A...

Geography of India: The geography of India describes the geographic features of India, a country in South Asia.India lies largely on the Indian Plate, the northern portion of the Indo-Australian Plate, whose continental ...

Geography of Iraq: The geography of Iraq is diverse and falls into four main regions: the desert (west of the Euphrates), Upper Mesopotamia (between the upper Tigris and Euphrates rivers), the northern highlands of Iraq...

Geography of Israel: The geography of Israel is very diverse, with desert conditions in the south, and snow-capped mountains in the north. Israel is located at at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea in western Asia....

Geography of Italy: Italy is located in southern Europe and comprises the long, boot-shaped Italian Peninsula, the land between the peninsula and the Alps, and some islands including Sicily and Sardinia. Corsica, althou...

Geography of the Isle of Man: The Isle of Man is an island in the Irish Sea, between Great Britain and Ireland in Western Europe, with a population of over 75,000. It is a British Crown dependency. It has a small islet, the Calf o...

Geography of Jamaica: Jamaica lies south of Cuba and west of Haiti. At its greatest extent, Jamaica is long, and its width varies between . With an area of, Jamaica is the largest island of the Commonwealth Caribbean a...

Geography of Jersey: This article describes the geography of Jersey, an island territory in the English Channel. The island of Jersey has an area of 119 square kilometres, with 70 kilometres of coastline. Jersey claims...

Geography of Jordan: Jordan is situated geographically in Southwest Asia, south of Syria, west of Iraq, northwest of Saudi Arabia and east of Israel and the West Bank; politically, the area has also been referred to in th...

Geography of Kazakhstan: Kazakhstan is located in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. With an area of about 2,717,300 square kilometers, Kazakhstan is more than twice the combined size of the other four Central Asian states, or ...

Geography of Kenya: The geography of Kenya is diverse. Kenya has a coastline on the Indian Ocean, which contains swamps of East African mangroves. Inland are broad plains and numerous hills. Central and Western Kenya is...

Geography of Kiribati: This article describes the geography of the Republic of Kiribati. Kiribati consists of 32 atolls and one island scattered over all four hemispheres in an expanse of ocean equivalent in size to the con...

Geography of Kuwait: Kuwait is situated in Southwest Asia, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Once a major Persian Gulf trade port and center of pearl diving, Kuwait came to more international pro...

Geography of Laos: Laos is a landlocked nation in Southeast Asia, northeast of Thailand, west of Vietnam, that covers 236,800 square kilometers in the center of the Southeast Asian peninsula, is surrounded by Burma (M...

Geography of Latvia: Geographic coordinates: Latvia lies on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea on the level northwestern part of the rising East European platform, between Estonia and Lithuania. About 98% of the countr...

Geography of Lebanon: Lebanon is part of Southwestern Asia, and it is located at approximately 35˚N, 35˚W, stretching along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, its length almost three times its width. As it stre...

Geography of Lesotho: Lesotho is a mountainous, landlocked country located in Southern Africa. It is an enclave, surrounded by South Africa. The total length of the country's borders is . Lesotho covers an area of around...

Geography of Libya: Libya is fourth in size among the countries of Africa and seventeenth among the countries of the world. Its coastline lies between Egypt and Tunisia. Although the oil discoveries of the 1960s have bro...

Geography of Liechtenstein: The principality of Liechtenstein encompasses most of the right (eastern) half of the Rhine Valley, wedged between Austria and Switzerland. Along with Uzbekistan, Liechtenstein is one of only two doub...

Geography of Lithuania: The largest and most populous of the Baltic states, Lithuania has of sandy coastline which faces the open Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Poland. Lithuania's major warm-water port of Klaipėda lies at...

Geography of Luxembourg: Luxembourg is a small country located in the Low Countries, part of North-West Europe It borders Belgium (148 kilometres) to the westhola and north, France (73 km) to the south, and Germany (138 k...

Geography of Macau: Macau is a city on the southern coast of China. It is located at the south of Guangdong Province, on the tip of the peninsula formed by the Zhujiang (Pearl River) estuary on the east and the Xijiang (...

Geography of the Republic of Macedonia: The Republic of Macedonia is a country situated in southeastern Europe with geographic coordinates, bordering Kosovo and Serbia to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south and Albania to ...

Geography of the Marshall Islands: The Marshalls consist of 29 atolls and five isolated islands, which form two parallel groups—the "Ratak" (sunrise) chain and the "Ralik" (sunset) chain. The Marshalls share maritime boundaries wit...

Geography of Moldova: Located in southeastern Europe, Moldova is bordered on the west by Romania and on the north, south, and east by Ukraine. Most of its territory lies between the area's two main rivers, the Dniester an...

Geography of Mongolia: Mongolia is a landlocked country in Central Asia, strategically located between China and Russia. The terrain is one of mountains and rolling plateaus, with a high degree of relief. Overall, the land...

Geography of Montserrat: Climate Tropical; little daily or seasonal temperature variation. Statistics Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico Geographic coordinates: Map references: Centra...

Geography of Morocco: The geography of Morocco spans from the Atlantic Ocean, to mountainous areas, to the Sahara (desert). Morocco is a Northern African country, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Se...

Geography of Mozambique: Location: Southern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania Geographic coordinates: Map references: Africa Area: total: 799,380 km² land: 786,380 km² water: 13,...

Geography of Burma: The Republic of the Union of Myanmar (also known as Burma) is the northwestern-most country on the mainland of southeast Asia. It is strategically located near major Indian Ocean shipping lanes. Cli...

Geography of North Korea: North Korea is located in east Asia on the northern half of the Korean Peninsula. North Korea shares a border with three states, including China along the Amnok River, a border with Russia along the ...

Geography of Namibia: At, Namibia is the world's thirty-fourth largest country (after Venezuela). After Mongolia, Namibia is the least densely populated country in the world . Geographical areas The Namibian landscape co...

Geography of Nauru: Nauru is a tiny phosphate rock island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean south of the Marshall Islands in Oceania. It is only south of the Equator at coordinates . Nauru is one of the three ...

Geography of Nepal: Nepal measures about along its himalayan axis by across. With it slightly outranks the state of Arkansas. Nepal is landlocked by India on three sides and China's Xizang Autonomous Region (Tibet) t...

Geography of New Caledonia: The geography of New Caledonia (Nouvelle-Calédonie), an overseas collectivity of France located in the subregion of Melanesia, makes the continental island group unique in the southwest Pacific. Amo...

Geography of New Zealand: The geography of New Zealand encompasses two main islands (the North and South Islands, Te-Ika-a-Maui and Te Wai Pounamu in Māori) and a number of smaller islands, located near the centre of the wate...

Geography of Nicaragua: Nicaragua is a country in Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras. Approximately the size of Greece or the U.S. state of New York...

Geography of Niger: Niger is a landlocked nation in West Africa located along the border between the Sahara and Sub-Saharan regions. Its geographic coordinates are longitude 16°N and latitude 8°E. Its area is 1.267 mil...

Geography of Nigeria: Nigeria is a country in West Africa. Nigeria shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Its coast lies on the Gulf of Guinea in...

Geography of Niue: Niue is a small island in the South Pacific Ocean, to the east of Tonga. It has an area of 260 square kilometres, and a coastline of 64 km. It claims an exclusive economic zone of 200 nm, and a t...

Geography of Oman: Oman is a country situated in Southwest Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and United Arab Emirates (UAE). Location Oman is located in the southeastern qua...

Geography of China: China stretches some across the East Asian landmass. China is bordered by seas and waters eastward, with the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, Taiwan Strait, and South China Sea, and bordered by...

Geography of Palau: The Republic of Palau consists of eight principal islands and more than 250 smaller ones lying roughly 500 miles southeast of the Philippines. The islands of Palau constitute part of the Caroline Is...

Geography of Panama: Panama is a country located in the Central America region of North America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica. Panama is located on the narr...

Geography of Papua New Guinea: The geography of Papua New Guinea describes the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, the islands of New Ireland, New Britain and Bougainville, and smaller nearby islands. Together these make up ...

Geography of Paraguay: Paraguay is a landlocked country in South America, bordering Brazil, Argentina and Bolivia. The Paraguay River (Spanish: Río Paraguay) divides the country into strikingly different eastern and weste...

Geography of Peru: Peru is a country on the central western coast of South America facing the Pacific Ocean. Statistics Area: land: 1,279,999 km²water: 5,220 km² Maritime claims: continental shelf: territorial se...

Geography of the Philippines: The Philippines is an archipelago comprising 7,107 islands with a total land area of . The 11 largest islands contain 94% of the total land area. The largest of these islands is Luzon at about . The n...

Geography of the Pitcairn Islands: The Pitcairn Islands consist of four islands: Pitcairn Island, Oeno Island, Henderson Island and Ducie Island: Pitcairn Islands as a group of islands Pitcairn Island (main island) Henderson Island...

Geography of Puerto Rico: The geography of Puerto Rico describes an archipelago located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic and west of the Virgin Islands. The main island of ...

Geography of Qatar: Qatar is a peninsula in the east of Arabia, bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia, in a strategic location near major petroleum deposits. Qatar occupies on a peninsula that extends approximatel...

Geography of the Republic of the Congo: The Republic of the Congo is located in the western part of Central Africa. Situated on the Equator, it is bordered by the Angola exclave of Cabinda to the south (201 km), the Democratic Republic of...

Geography of Réunion: Réunion is an island in Southern Africa, in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar. It is an overseas region of France. The total area of the island is 2,512 km², of which 10 km² is water. The i...

Geography of Romania: With an area of 238,400 square kilometers, Romania is the twelfth largest country in Europe. Located at the intersection of Central and Southeastern Europe, bordering on the Black Sea, the country is ...

Geography of Russia: The geography of Russia describes the geographic features of Russia, a country extending over much of northern Eurasia. Comprising much of eastern Europe and northern Asia, it is the world's largest c...

Geography of Sweden: Sweden is a country in Northern Europe on the Scandinavian Peninsula. It borders Norway to the west; Finland to the northeast; and the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Bothnia to the east and south. Sweden has ...

Geography of South Korea: South Korea is located in East Asia, on the southern half of the Korean Peninsula jutting out from the far east of the Asian land mass. The only country with a land border to South Korea is North Kore...

Geography of Saint Helena: Saint Helena is an island in the South Atlantic Ocean, about mid-way between South America and Africa, at the geographic coordinates . St Helena has a land area of 122 square kilometres and is part o...

Geography of Saint Kitts and Nevis: Saint Kitts and Nevis is a twin island country with a total landmass of just . The island of St. Kitts, the larger of the two, is in size and is located at latitude 17.30 N, and longitude 62.80 W. Ne...

Geography of Saint Lucia: Saint Lucia is one of many small land masses composing the insular group known as the Windward Islands. Unlike large limestone areas such as Florida, Cuba, and the Yucatan Peninsula, or the Bahamas, w...

Geography of Saint Pierre and Miquelon: Saint Pierre and Miquelon is a French overseas collectivity in the Western Hemisphere and the Northern Hemisphere. It consists of an island archipelago off the coast of Newfoundland near North Ameri...

Geography of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is an island state in the Windward Islands of the Lesser Antilles, an island arc of the Caribbean Sea in North America. The country consists of the main island of Sai...

Geography of Samoa: The independent country of Samoa consists of the two large islands of Upolu and Savai'i and 8 smaller islands located about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand in the Polynesian region of the Sout...

Geography of San Marino: San Marino is located in Southern Europe, an enclave (landlocked) in central Italy, which it borders for 39 km. The smallest independent state by area in Europe after Vatican and Monaco, San Marino ...

Geography of São Tomé and Príncipe: São Tomé and Príncipe is a small nation composed of an archipelago located in the Gulf of Guinea of equatorial Atlantic Ocean. The nation's main islands are São Tomé Island and Príncipe Island,...

Geography of Saudi Arabia: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a country situated in Southwest Asia, the largest country of Arabia, bordering the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen. Its extensive coastlines on the Persian ...

Geography of Sierra Leone: Sierra Leone is located on the west coast of Africa, between the 7th and 10th parallels north of the equator. Sierra Leone is bordered by Guinea to the north and northeast, Liberia to the south and s...

Geography of Slovenia: Slovenia is situated in Central Europe touching the Alps and bordering the Mediterranean. The Alps — including the Julian Alps, the Kamnik-Savinja Alps and the Karavanke chain, as well as the Poho...

Geography of the Solomon Islands: The Solomon Islands are a wide island nation in the South Pacific Ocean, that lies east of Papua New Guinea and consists of many islands: Choiseul, the Shortland Islands, the New Georgia Islands, Sant...

Geography of Spain: Spain is a country located in southwestern Europe, occupying most (about 85 percent) of the Iberian Peninsula and includes a small exclave inside France called Llívia as well as the Balearic Island...

Geography of Sri Lanka: The main island of Sri Lanka, formerly called Ceylon, is an island in the Indian Ocean belongs to Sri Lanka, located in Southern Asia, southeast of India, in a strategic location near major Indian Oce...

Geography of Sudan: Sudan is located in northeastern Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic t...

Geography of Suriname: Suriname is located in northern South America and is part of Caribbean South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana. It is mostly covered by tropical rain fores...

Geography of Svalbard: Svalbard is an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean roughly centered around 78° north latitude and 20° east longitude. The archipelago is the northernmost part of the Kingdom of Norway. The three main...

Geography of Swaziland: Swaziland is a country in Southern Africa, lying between Mozambique and South Africa. The country is located at the geographic coordinates . Swaziland has an area of 17,363 square kilometres, of wh...

Geography of Syria: Syria is located in Southwestern Asia, north of the Arabian Peninsula in the Middle East, at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Turkey on the north, Lebanon and Israel on the...

Geography of Taiwan: "Taiwan Island" and "Geography of the Republic of China" redirect here. This article is about the geography of the island of Taiwan and its associated islands. For other parts of the state commonly k...

Geography of Tajikistan: Tajikistan is nestled between Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan to the north and west, China to the east, and Afghanistan to the south. Mountains cover 93 percent of Tajikistan's surface area. The two princi...

Geography of Tanzania: Tanzania has a varied geography, including deep and large freshwater and salt lakes, many national parks, and Africa's highest point, Mount Kilimanjaro . Northeast Tanzania is mountainous and includes...

Geography of Thailand: Thailand[[Thailand]]'s 514,000 square kilometers lie in the middle of mainland Southeast Asia. The nation's axial position influenced many aspects of Thailand's society and culture—it controls the ...

Geography of Tonga: Located in Oceania, Tonga is an archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, directly south of Western Samoa and about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand. Its 176 islands, 36 of them inhabi...

Geography of Trinidad and Tobago: Trinidad and Tobago is an archipelagic republic in the southern Caribbean between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela. They are southeasterly islands of the Lesser ...

Geography of Turkey: Turkey is situated in Anatolia and the Balkans, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Georgia, and bordering the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, between Greece and Syria. The geographic ...

Geography of Turkmenistan: Turkmenistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea to the west, Iran and Afghanistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the north-east, and Kazakhstan to the north-west. It is th...

Geography of Tuvalu: The Western Pacific nation of Tuvalu, formerly known as the Ellice Islands, is situated northeast of Australia. It is one half of the way from Hawaii to Australia. Tuvalu consists of three reef islan...

Geography of the United Kingdom: The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK) is a sovereign state located off the north-western coast of continental Europe. With a total area of approximately, the UK occupies the m...

Geography of Ukraine: Geography of Ukraine varies greatly from one region of the country to another. Majority of the country's territory lays within the East European Plain. Ukraine is the second-largest country by area in...

Geography of the United Arab Emirates: Physiography and boundaries The UAE stretches for more than 650 kilometers along the southern shore of the Persian Gulf. Most of the coast consists of salt pans that extend far inland. The largest na...

Geography of Uruguay: Uruguay is a country in Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil. It is located in the Southern Hemisphere on the Atlantic seaboard of South America be...

Geography of Uzbekistan: Uzbekistan is a country of Central Asia, located north of Turkmenistan and Afghanistan. With an area of 447,000 square kilometers (approximately the size of Spain or California), Uzbekistan stretches...

Geography of the United States: The United States is a country in the Northern Hemisphere, Western Hemisphere, and the Eastern Hemisphere. It consists of forty-eight contiguous states in North America, Alaska, a peninsula which fo...

Geography of the United States Virgin Islands: The U.S. Virgin Islands are a group of several dozen islands and cays located in the Caribbean, about southeast of Florida, north of Venezuela, east of Puerto Rico, and immediately west and south o...

Geography of Vietnam: Vietnam is located on the eastern margin of the Indochinese peninsula and occupies about 331,211.6 square kilometers, of which about 25% was under cultivation in 1987. It borders the Gulf of Thailand,...

Geography of Vatican City: The geography of Vatican City is unique due to the country's position as an urban, landlocked enclave of Rome, Italy. With an area of, it is the world's smallest independent state. Outside the Vatican...

Geography of Vanuatu: Vanuatu (formerly called the New Hebrides) is a nation and group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean. It is composed of over 80 islands with 2,528 km of coastline and a total surface area of 14,760...

Geography of Venezuela: Venezuela is a country in South America, and part of Caribbean South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana. It is situated on major sea and ai...

Geography of Western Sahara: Western Sahara is a territory in Northern Africa, bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean, Morocco proper, Algeria (Tindouf region), and Mauritania. Geographic coordinates: Size Total: 266,060 km²...

Geography of Yemen: Yemen is located in Southwest Asia at the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula between Oman and Saudi Arabia. It is situated at the entrance to the Bab-el-Mandeb Strait, which links the Red Sea to t...

Geography of Zimbabwe: Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern Africa lying while within the tropics. It straddles an extensive high inland plateau that drops northwards to the Zambezi valley where the border with Zam...

Geography of Zambia: Zambia is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa, to the east of Angola. It has a total area of 752 618 square kilometres (slightly larger than Texas), of which 9 220 km² are water. Polit...

Geography of Algeria: Algeria comprises 2,381,741 square kilometers of land, more than four-fifths of which is desert, in northern Africa, between Morocco and Tunisia. It is the largest country in Africa. Its Arabic name, ...

Geography of Tunisia: Tunisia is a country located in Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya. Its geographic coordinates are . Tunisia occupies an area of 163,610 square kilometres, ...

Geography of Madagascar: Madagascar is an island in the Indian Ocean off the eastern coast of southern Africa, east of Mozambique. It is the fourth largest island in the world. The highest point is Maromokotro, in the Tsarata...

Geography of Fiji: ] Fiji is a group of volcanic islands in the South Pacific, lying about 4,450 km (2,775 mi) southwest of Honolulu and 1,770 km (1,100 mi) north of New Zealand. Of the 322 islands and 522 smaller i...

Geography of Andorra: Andorra is a small, landlocked country in southwestern Europe, located in the eastern Pyrenees mountain range and bordered by Spain and France. With an area of 468 km², it is the sixth smallest coun...

Geography of Mexico: The geography of Mexico describes the geographic features of Mexico, a country in the Americas. Mexico is located at about 23° N and 102° W in the southern portion of North America. It is also loca...

Geography of Mayotte: Mayotte is an island of volcanic origin in the northernmost Mozambique Channel, about one-half of the way from northern Madagascar to northern Mozambique. Mayotte is part of the Comoro Islands, and l...

Geography of Mauritius: Mauritius is an island located in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar. Climate The local climate is tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; there is a warm, dry winter from May to November and ...

Geography of Mauritania: Mauritania, a country in the western region of the continent of Africa, is generally flat, its 1,030,700 square kilometres forming vast, arid plains broken by occasional ridges and clifflike outcroppi...

Geography of Martinique: Climate Martinique has a warm, stable climate that only varies 5 degrees Fahrenheit all year round. Trade winds blow refreshing breezes from the northeast. Statistics Location: Caribbean, island in...

Geography of Malta: The geography of Malta is dominated by water. Malta is an archipelago of coralline limestone, located in the Mediterranean Sea, approximately 93 kilometres south of Sicily, Italy, and nearly 300 km no...

Geography of the Maldives: See also Atolls of the Maldives for an in-depth description of the atolls. Maldives is a country of South Asia, situated in the Indian Ocean, south-southwest of India. It consists of approximately ...

Geography of Guyana: The Geography of Guyana comprises the physical characteristics of the country in Northern South America and part of Caribbean South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and V...

Geography of Rwanda: At, Rwanda is the world's 149th-largest country. It is comparable in size to Haiti or the state of Maryland in the United States. The entire country is at a high altitude: the lowest point is the Rus...

Geography of Uganda: Uganda is located in Eastern Africa, west of Kenya, south of South Sudan and east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is in the heart of the Great Lakes region, and is surrounded by three of t...

Geography of Portugal: Portugal is a coastal nation in southwestern Europe, located at the western end of the Iberian Peninsula, bordering Spain (on its northern and eastern frontiers: a total of). Portuguese territory als...

Geography of the Netherlands: The geography of the European part of the Netherlands is unusual in that much of its land has been reclaimed from the sea and is below sea level, protected by dikes. Another factor that has influenced...

Geography of Seychelles: The Seychelles is a small island nation located in the Indian Ocean northeast of Madagascar and about east of Kenya. Seychelles lies between approximately 4ºS and 10ºS and 46ºE and 54ºE. The nati...

Geography of Norway: Norway is a country located in Northern Europe on the western and northern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula, bordering the North Sea in southwest and the Skagerrak inlet to the south, the North Atla...

Geography of Guatemala: Guatemala is mountainous, except for the south coastal area and the vast northern lowlands of Petén department. Two mountain chains enter Guatemala from west to east, dividing the country into three ...

Geography of California: Covering an area of, California is geographically diverse. The Sierra Nevada, the fertile farmlands of the Central Valley, and the arid Mojave Desert of the south are some of the major geographic fea...

Geography of Somalia: Somalia is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the so...

Geography of Ethiopia: Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Sudan, on the east by Somalia, on the south by Kenya, on the northwest by Sudan and on the southwest by South S...

Geography of Iceland: The geography of Iceland entails the geographic features of Iceland, an island country at the confluence of the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. Iceland is located east of Greenland and immediately ...

Geography of Iran: Geographically, Iran is located in West Asia and borders the Gulf of Oman, Persian Gulf, and Caspian Sea. Its mountains have helped to shape both the political and the economic history of the country ...

Geography of South Africa: South Africa occupies the southern tip of Africa, its coastline stretching more than from the desert border with Namibia on the Atlantic (western) coast southwards around the tip of Africa and then n...

Geography of Belgium: Belgium is a federal state located in Western Europe, bordering the North Sea. Belgium shares borders with France (620 km), Germany (167 km), Luxembourg (148 km) and the Netherlands (450 km). Belg...

Geography of Anguilla: This article describes the geography of Anguilla. Anguilla is one of the Leeward Islands, which lie between the Caribbean Sea in the west and the open Atlantic Ocean in the east. It is a long, flat...

Geography of Argentina: The geography of Argentina describes the geographic features of Argentina, a country located in southern South America (or Southern Cone). Bordered by the Andes in the west and the South Atlantic O...

Geography of France: France is a country located primarily in Western Europe, but containing territory in South America, the Caribbean, and the Indian Ocean, as well as numerous territories of various status. In Europe F...

Geography of Austria: Austria is a small, predominantly mountainous country in Central Europe, approx. between Germany, Italy and Hungary. It has a total area of 83,859 km², about twice the size of Switzerland and slight...

Geography of Bahrain: Bahrain (from the Arabic word for "two seas" — itself an inaccurate folk etymology for the much older, Semitic term, Bahran) comprises an archipelago of thirty-three islands in the Persian Gulf, sit...

Geography of Bangladesh: Bangladesh is a low-lying, riverine country located in South Asia with a largely marshy jungle coastline of on the northern littoral of the Bay of Bengal. Formed by a delta plain at the confluence of...

Geography of Barbados: Barbados is an Continental Island in the North Atlantic Ocean; and is located at 13°10' north of the equator, and 59°32' west of the Prime Meridian. As the easternmost isle of the Lesser Antilles ...

Geography of Belize: Belize is a small Central American nation, located at 17°15' north of the equator and 88°45' west of the Prime Meridian on the Yucatán Peninsula. It borders the Caribbean Sea to the east, with 386...

Geography of Benin: Benin, a narrow, key-shaped, north-south strip of land in West Africa, lies between the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer. Benin's latitude ranges from 6°30′ N to 12°30′ N and its longitude from ...

Geography of Bermuda: This article describes the geography of Bermuda. Location Bermuda (officially, The Bermuda Islands or The Somers Isles) is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom in the North Atlantic Ocean. Lo...

Geography of Bhutan: The Kingdom of Bhutan is a sovereign nation, located towards the eastern extreme of the Himalayas mountain range. It is fairly evenly sandwiched between the sovereign territory of two nations: first, ...

Geography of Bolivia: The geography of Bolivia is unique among the nations of South America. Bolivia is one of two landlocked countries on the continent, and Bolivia is more rural than urban. The main features of Bolivia'...

Geography of the Gambia: The Gambia is a very small and narrow country with the border based on the Gambia River. The country is less than 48 km wide at its greatest width. The country's present boundaries were defined in 18...

Geography of Cuba: Cuba is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea. Cuba has a total area of . Its area is including coastal and territorial waters. The main island (Cuba) has of coastline and of land borders — all f...

Geography of Ireland: Ireland is an island in northwest Europe in the north Atlantic Ocean whose main geographical features include low central plains surrounded by a ring of coastal mountains. The highest peak is Carraunt...

Geography of East Timor: This article describes the geography of East Timor. Location : Southeast Asia (or Oceania depending on definitions), northwest of Australia in the Lesser Sunda Islands at the eastern end of the I...

Geography of Aruba: Aruba is a small Caribbean island about the size of Washington, D.C., located 25 km north of the coast of Venezuela and 68 km northwest of Curaçao, the largest island of the Kingdom of the Netherlan...

Geography of Stockholm: The City of Stockholm is situated on fourteen islands and on the banks to the archipelago where Lake Mälaren meets the Baltic Sea. The city centre is virtually situated on the water. Islands and is...

Geography of Alberta: Alberta is a Canadian province. Located in Western Canada, the province has an area of and is bounded to the south by the U.S. state of Montana along 49° north for ; to the east at 110° west by t...

Geography of Helsinki: Helsinki has a total area of . of it is land and of the area is covered with water. It is located at . Subdivisions This is a listing of the neighborhoods and localities in the city of Helsinki in ...

Geography of Mars: The geography of Mars, also known as areography, entails the delineation and characterization of regions on Mars. Martian geography is mainly focused on what is called physical geography on Earth; th...

Geography of Beijing: Beijing is located at the northern tip of the North China Plain, near the meeting point of the Xishan and Yanshan mountain ranges. The city itself lies on flat land (elevation) that opens to the east...

Geography of Singapore: Singapore is a small, heavily urbanised, island city-state in Southeast Asia, located at the southern tip of the Malayan Peninsula between Malaysia and Indonesia. Singapore has a total land area of ....

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