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Auschwitz concentration camp

Auschwitz concentration camp was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by the Third Reich in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany during World War II. It consisted of Auschwitz I (the base camp); Auschwitz II–Birkenau (the extermination camp); Auschwitz III–Monowitz (a labor camp to staff an IG Farben factory), and 45 satellite camps. Auschwitz I was first constructed to hold Polish political prisoners, who began to arrive in May 1940....

Buchenwald concentration camp

Buchenwald concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager (KZ) Buchenwaldliterally, in English: beech forest) was a German Nazi concentration camp established on the Ettersberg (Etter Mountain) near Weimar, Germany, in July 1937, one of the first and the largest of the concentration camps on German soil, following Dachau's opening just over four years earlier....

Neuengamme concentration camp

The Neuengamme concentration camp, a German concentration camp, was established in 1938 by the SS near the village of Neuengamme in the Bergedorf district of Hamburg, Germany. It was operated by the Nazis from 1938 to 1945. By the end of the war, more than half of its estimated 106,000 prisoners perished there. After Germany's defeat, the British Army used it until 1948 as an internment centre. In 1948 the facility was transferred to Hamburg prison authority which torn down the barracks and built a new prison cell block....

Flossenbürg concentration camp

Konzentrationslager Flossenbürg was a Nazi concentration camp built in May 1938 by the Schutzstaffel (SS) Economic-Administrative Main Office at Flossenbürg, in the Upper Palatinate region of Bavaria, Germany, near the border with Czechoslovakia. Until its liberation in April 1945, more than 96,000 prisoners passed through the camp. About 30,000 died there. History Pre–World War II Before World War II, Flossenbürg was a men's camp primarily for "antisocial" or "criminal" prisoners....

Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp

Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp grew to become a large group of German concentration camps that was built around the villages of Mauthausen and Gusen in Upper Austria, roughly east of the city of Linz. Its history ran from the time of the Anschluss in 1938 to the beginning of May 1945. Initially a single camp at Mauthausen, it expanded over time and by the summer of 1940, Mauthausen had become one of the largest labour camp complexes in German-controlled Europe....

Stutthof concentration camp

Stutthof was a German Nazi concentration camp completed on September 2, 1939 in a secluded, wet, and wooded area west of the small town of Stutthof (Sztutowo) in the former territory of the Free City of Danzig, 34 km east of the city of Danzig (Gdańsk). It was the first camp built outside of pre-Nazi German borders (those set in 1937) and the last camp liberated by the Allies, on May 9, 1945. More than 85,000 victims died in the camp out of as many as 110,000 people were deported there....

Ohrdruf concentration camp

Ohrdruf concentration camp was a Nazi forced labor and concentration camp located near Weimar, Germany. It was part of the Buchenwald concentration camp network and the first Nazi concentration camp liberated by U.S. troops. History Created in November 1944 near the town of Gotha, Germany, Ohrdruf supplied forced labor in the form of concentration camp prisoners for railway construction leading to a proposed communications center, which was never completed due to the rapid American advance....

Hoeryong concentration camp

Hoeryong concentration camp (or Haengyong concentration camp) is a political prison camp in North Korea. The official name is Kwan-li-so (penal labor colony) No. 22. The camp is a maximum security area, completely isolated from the outside world. Prisoners and their families are held in lifelong detention. Satellite image analysis and reports indicate major changes or even a closure of Camp 22 in 2012. Location Camp 22 is located in Hoeryong county, North Hamgyong province, in northeast North Korea, near the border with China and Russia....

Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp

The Płaszów or Kraków-Płaszów concentration camp was a Nazi German labour and concentration camp built by the SS in Płaszów, a southern suburb of Kraków (now part of Podgórze district), soon after the German invasion of Poland and the subsequent creation of the General Government. The Płaszów camp, originally intended as a forced labour camp, was constructed on the grounds of two former Jewish cemeteries (see, New Jewish Cemetery) in the summer of 1942 during Nazi German occupation of Poland, with deportations of the Jews from the Kraków Ghetto beginning October 28, 1942....

Warsaw concentration camp

The Warsaw concentration camp (short KL or KZ Warschau) was an associated group of the German Nazi concentration camps, possibly including an extermination camp, located in German-occupied Warsaw, capital city of Poland. The various details regarding the camp are very controversial and remain subject of historical research and public debate. Pabst Plan According to the Nazi Pabst Plan, Warsaw was to be turned into a provincial German city. To accomplish this goal, the Jewish population was grouped together in the Warsaw Ghetto before being eventually removed and mostly exterminated....

Kaiserwald concentration camp: Kaiserwald was a Nazi German concentration camp near the Riga suburb of Mežaparks in Latvia. Kaiserwald was built in March, 1943, during the period that the German army occupied Latvia. The first in...

Grini concentration camp: Grini prison camp was a Nazi concentration camp in Bærum, Norway, which operated between 1941 and May 1945. In the present time Ila Detention and Security Prison is located here. History Grini was ...

Uckermark concentration camp: The Uckermark concentration camp was a small German concentration camp for girls near the Ravensbrück concentration camp in Fürstenberg/Havel, Germany and then an "emergency" extermination camp. Th...

Rab concentration camp: The Rab concentration camp was one of the several Italian concentration camps and was established during World War II, in July 1942, on the Italian-occupied island of Rab (now in Croatia). According ...

Theresienstadt concentration camp: Theresienstadt concentration camp, also referred to as Theresienstadt Ghetto, was established by the SS during World War II in the fortress and garrison city of Terezín (German name Theresienstadt), ...

Gusen concentration camp: Gusen is the name of the biggest and most brutal Nazi concentration camp complex on Austrian territory. Originally called "Mauthausen II", the camp consisted of three camps and toward the end of the ...

Yodok concentration camp: Yodok concentration camp (also romanized Yodŏk, Yodeok, or Yoduk) is a political prison camp in North Korea. The official name is Kwan-li-so (penal labor colony) No. 15. The camp is used to segrega...

Klooga concentration camp: Klooga was a Nazi labor subcamp of the Vaivara concentration camp complex established in September 1943 in Harju County, during World War II, in German-occupied Estonia near the northern Estonian vill...

Sajmište concentration camp: The Sajmište concentration camp, also known as the "Jewish camp in Zemun" (Judenlager Semlin), was a Nazi concentration camp in Staro Sajmište on the territory of the Independent State of Croatia (...

Lety concentration camp: The concentration camp in Lety was a World War II internment camp for Romani people (Gypsies) from the so-called Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia during the German occupation of Czechoslovakia on ...

Breitenau concentration camp: Breitenau was a Nazi education and labor camp established in June 1933 in Germany. It was located in Guxhagen, ca. 15 km south of Kassel and was built around the Breitenau monastery. Breitenau as an...

Ebensee concentration camp: The Ebensee concentration camp was established by the SS to build tunnels for armaments storage near the town of Ebensee, Austria in 1943. It was part of the Mauthausen network. Due to the inhuman...

Malchow concentration camp: Malchow concentration camp was one of the numerous sub-camps of Nazi concentration camp: Ravensbrück, located in Germany, which is believed to be first opened in the winter of 1943. It was locate...

Crveni Krst concentration camp: Crveni Krst concentration camp, also known as logor Crveni Krst (логор Црвени Крст) or Lager Niš (Лагер Ниш), was a concentration camp located in Crveni Krst, in the industria...

Vaivara concentration camp: Vaivara concentration camp was the largest of the 22 concentration and labor camps established in Estonia by the Nazi regime during World War II. It had 20,000 Jewish prisoners pass through its gates...

Sachsenburg concentration camp: Sachsenburg was a Nazi concentration camp in eastern Germany, located in Frankenberg, Saxony, near Chemnitz.[1] Along with Lichtenburg, it was among the first to be built by the Nazis, and operated b...

Lichtenburg (concentration camp): Lichtenburg was a Nazi concentration camp, housed in a Renaissance castle in Prettin, near Wittenberg in eastern Germany. Along with Sachsenburg, it was among the first to be built by the Nazis, and ...

Hinzert concentration camp: Hinzert (SS-Sonderlager Hinzert or Konzentrationslager/KZ Hinzert) was a German concentration camp located in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, 30 km from the Luxembourg border. Between 1939 and 1945, ...

Kaechon concentration camp: Kaechon concentration camp (also spelled Kae'chŏn or Gaecheon) is a prison in North Korea with many political prisoners. The official name is Kyo-hwa-so (Reeducation camp) No. 1. It is not to be conf...

Wöbbelin concentration camp: The Wöbbelin camp, near the city of Ludwigslust, was a subcamp of the Neuengamme concentration camp. The SS had established Wöbbelin to house concentration camp prisoners whom the SS had evacuated f...

Hainewalde concentration camp: On March 27, 1933, the SA established a protective custody camp at Hainewalde Castle in Saxony. Initially SA-Sturm III (Dresden) under SA-Sturmführer Ernst Jirka guarded the camp, but in May this res...

Hainichen concentration camp: Hainichen concentration camp is a concentration camp at Öderanstrasse in Hainichen, Saxony, formed on April 4, 1933 by order of Amtshauptmann Döbeln. Ortsgruppenleiter Georg "Zuff" Ziegler was the c...

Halle concentration camp: The Halle concentration camp was a Nazi Germany Buchenwald subcamp that provided forced labor for the Siebel aircraft manufacturer in July 1944 under agreement with the SS-Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshau...

Kaufering concentration camp: Kaufering concentration camps were a network of subsidiary camps of the Dachau concentration camp. With the intensification of the Allied air war against German industrial and military enterprises aft...

Gonars concentration camp: The Gonars concentration camp was one of the several Italian concentration camps and it was established on February 23, 1942, near Gonars, Italy. Many internees were transferred to this camp from th...

Allach (concentration camp): History Allach was opened on March 19th, 1943 as the largest subcamp of Dachau concentration camp because of the shortage of workforce in the armament and building industry. The camp was also the man...

Niederhagen concentration camp: The Niederhagen concentration camp was a German concentration camp on the outskirts of Büren-Wewelsburg which existed from September 1941. The camp From May 1939, a small camp, the Wewelsburg satel...

Velepromet concentration camp: Velepromet camp was a short-lived concentration camp set up during the Battle of Vukovar by the Yugoslav People's Army and Serbian paramilitary forces in 1991 on the outskirts of the Croatian city of ...

Sisak children's concentration camp: Sisak children's concentration camp was a concentration camp during World War II, set up by the Croatian pro-nazi Ustaše government for Serbian, Jewish and Roma children. The camp was located in Sisa...

Oranienburg concentration camp: Oranienburg concentration camp was an early concentration camp, one of the first detention facilities established by the Nazis when they gained power in 1933. It held the Nazis' political opponents ...

Gerdenau concentration camp: Gerdenau concentration camp was a subcamp of the Stutthof concentration camp in nowaday's Zheleznodorozhny, Kaliningrad Oblast....

Berlin-Marzahn concentration camp: Berlin-Marzahn Rastplatz was a camp set up for Romani people in the Berlin suburb of Marzahn by Nazi authorities. At 4 a.m. on 16 July 1936, prior to the opening of the 1936 Berlin Olympics, police b...

Syrets concentration camp: Syrets concentration camp (also: Syretskij concentration camp) was a Nazi concentration camp established in 1942 in Kiev's western neighborhood of Syrets (Syretsk), part of Kiev since 1799. The topony...

Haidari concentration camp: The Haidari concentration camp (stratópedo syngéntrosis Chaidaríou) was a concentration camp operated by the German Schutzstaffel at the Athens suburb of Haidari during the Axis Occupation of Greec...

Weyer concentration camp: The memorial place Weyer concentration camp/Innviertel is a memorial for the commemoration of the former so-called educating-through-work and Roma internment camp St. Pantaleon-Weyer. The camp was sit...

Torrens Island Concentration Camp: The Torrens Island Internment Camp was a World War I concentration camp, located on Torrens Island in the Port River Estuary near Adelaide in South Australia. The camp opened on 9 October 1914 and he...

Alderney concentration camps: The Alderney concentration camps were prison camps built and operated by Nazi Germany during its World War II occupation of the Channel Islands. The Channel Islands were the only part of the British ...

Jungfernhof concentration camp: The Jungfernhof concentration camp was an improvised concentration camp in Latvia, at the Mazjumprava Manor, near the Šķirotava Railway Station about three or four kilometers from Riga (now within ...

Salaspils concentration camp: Salaspils concentration camp was established at the end of 1941 at a point 18 km southeast of Riga (Latvia). The Nazi bureaucracy drew distinctions between different types of camps. Officially, Sa...

Moringen concentration camp: Three concentration camps operated in succession in Moringen, Lower Saxony, from April 1933 to April 1945. KZ Moringen, established in the centre of the town on site of former 19th century workhouses,...

Esterwegen concentration camp: The Esterwegen concentration camp near Esterwegen was an early Nazi concentration camp within a series of camps first established in the Emsland district of Germany. It was established in the summer ...

Hodonin concentration camp: The concentration camp in Hodonín was a World War II internment camp for Romani people (Gypsies) from the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (which nowadays forms the larger part of the Czech Republ...

Pukchang concentration camp: Pukch'ang concentration camp (Hangeul:, also spelled Bukchang) is a labor camp in North Korea for political prisoners. It is sometimes called Tŭkchang concentration camp (Hangeul:, also Deukjang or D...

Hwasong concentration camp: Hwasong concentration camp (Chosŏn'gŭl:, also spelled Hwasŏng) is a labor camp in North Korea for political prisoners. The official name is Kwan-li-so (Penal-labor colony) No. 16. Location The ca...

Chongjin concentration camp: Chongjin concentration camp (Hangeul:, also spelled Ch'ŏngjin) is a labor camp in North Korea for political prisoners. The official name is Kwan-li-so (Penal-labor colony) No. 25. Satellite images sh...

Chongori concentration camp: Chongori concentration camp (also spelled Jungeori, Jongori or Jeonger-ri) is a reeducation camp in North Korea. The official name of the camp is Kyo-hwa-so No. 12 (Reeducation camp no. 12). Locatio...

Columbia concentration camp: Columbia concentration camp (also known as Columbia-Haus) was a Nazi concentration camp situated in the Tempelhof area of Berlin. It was one of the first such institutions established by the regime. ...

Ravensbrück concentration camp: Ravensbrück was a women's concentration camp during World War II, located in northern Germany, north of Berlin at a site near the village of Ravensbrück (part of Fürstenberg/Havel). Construction ...

Sonnenburg concentration camp: Sonnenburg concentration camp was opened on 3 April 1933 on the initiative of the Prussian Ministry of the Interior and Justice in Sonnenburg near Küstrin in the Neumark in a former prison. Histo...

Ryongdam concentration camp: Kyo-hwa-so No. 8 Yongdam is a "reeducation camp" with ca. 3,000 prisoners in Kangwon, North Korea....

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