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Libya

Libya (, Amazigh language: ⵍⵉⴱⵢⴰ Libya), officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. The three traditional parts of the country are Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica. With an area of almost, Libya is the 17th largest country in the world. The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is home to 1.7 million of Libya's 6.4 million people....

Geography of Libya

Libya is fourth in size among the countries of Africa and seventeenth among the countries of the world. Its coastline lies between Egypt and Tunisia. Although the oil discoveries of the 1960s have brought it immense petroleum wealth, at the time of its independence it was an extremely poor desert state whose only important physical asset appeared to be its strategic location at the midpoint of Africa's northern rim....

Libyan Desert

The Libyan Desert covers an area of approximately 1,100,000 km2, it extends approximately 1100 km from east to west, and 1,000 km from north to south, in about the shape of a rectangle. Like most of the Sahara, this desert is primarily sand and hamada or stony plain. Sand plains, dunes, ridges and some depressions (basins) typify the endorheic region, with no rivers draining into or out of the desert....

Brak, Libya

Brak (sometimes written Biraq or Birak) is a town in the Wadi al Shatii District in west-central Libya. It is the administrative center of the district. Overview The town has a population of 39,444 and is home to a technical college of Sabha University. Much of the new development in the town is occurring to the north of the old town center, which features gardens and forts from the Italian and Ottoman eras....

Jebel Akhdar, Libya

The Jebel Akhdar () is a heavily forested, fertile upland area in northeastern Libya. It is located in the modern Shabiyahs or Districts of Derna, Jabal al Akhdar, and Marj. Geography The Jebel Akhdar consists of a mountainous plateau rising to an altitude of, cut by several valleys and wadis. It lies northeast of Benghazi and south of Derna and the Mediterranean Sea. The region is one of the very few forested areas of Libya, which taken as a whole is one of the least forested countries on Earth. It is the wettest part of Libya, receiving some of precipitation annually....

Sabha, Libya

Sabha or Sebha (Sabhā) is a city in southwestern Libya with a population of about 130,000. It was historically the capital of the Fezzan region and the Military Territory of Fezzan-Ghadames and is now capital of the Sabha District. Sabha is about south of Tripoli. Overview With a relatively large population, and growing fast, Sabha's importance is due to its being the air and road transport hub of the Fezzan, a military base, and the centre of a remarkable agricultural industry in the desert....

Zawiya, Libya

Zawiya (transliteration: Az Zāwiyaẗ), (variants: Az Zawiyah Al Gharbiyah, Ḩārat az Zāwiyah, Al Ḩārah, El-Hára and Haraf Az Zāwīyah), is a city in northwestern Libya, situated on the Libyan coastline of the Mediterranean Sea about west of Tripoli, in the historic region of Tripolitania. Zawiya is the capital of the Zawiya District. Overview In the Libyan censuses of 1973 and 1984, the city counted about 91,603 inhabitants; it was then – and possibly continues to be today – the fifth city-largest city in Libya by population (after Tripoli, Benghazi, Misrata and Bayda)....

Derna, Libya

Derna () is a port city in eastern Libya. It has a population of 80,000. It was the seat of one of the wealthiest provinces in the Barbary States, and remains the capital of the Derna District, with a much smaller area. Derna has a unique environment among Libyan cities, as it lies between green mountains, the Mediterranean Sea, and the desert. The city is also home to people of mixed origins. Name Darnis and Darne were the Greek forms of the name for the city, while sometimes the form Dardanis is found, it was due to an error. Under Rome it was referred to as Darnis and Derna....

Quba District (Libya)

Quba or Qoba (Al Qubah) was one of the 32 districts of Libya. In 2007 it became part of the Derna District. The population of the former district was approximately 93,000. In the north, Al Qubah had a shoreline on the Mediterranean Sea. On land, it bordered the following districts: Derna - northeast Butnan - east Al Wahat - south Jabal al Akhdar - west The administrative centre was the town of Quba, some 8 kilometres inland from the coast, which was also known as Giovanni Berta during Italian colonial times....

List of volcanoes in Libya

This is a list of active and extinct volcanoes in Libya....

Qasr Libya: Qasr Libya or Theodoureas is a small town in northern Libya about northwest of Bayda. In ancient times, it was called Olbia and Theodorias, the ruins of which were excavated in the 1950s. The town ...

Hun, Libya: Hun or Houn (Hūn) is an oasis town in the northern Fezzan region of southwest Libya. The town is the capital of the Jufra District. Geography Hun is about halfway between Sabha and the Mediterran...

Castelverde, Libya: Castelverde, also named Gasr Garabulli, is a town in the Tripoli District (Tarabulus), of the Tripolitania region in northwestern Libya. From 2001 to 2007 it was part of the Tajura Wa Al Nawahi AlAr...

Rail transport in Libya: There have been no operational railways in Libya since 1965, but various lines existed in the past. An extensive system is now being developed and under construction. HistoryThe Kingdom of Italy bui...

Libyan Iron and Steel Company: The Libyan Iron and Steel Company (Lisco) is one of the largest iron and steelmaking companies operating in North Africa. Based in Misrata, it is subsidized and owned by the Libyan government. Muamma...

Jadu, Libya: Jadu, in other languages also: Giado (Italian) and Gado, is a mountain town in western Libya, in the Jabal al Gharbi District and the Nafusa Mountains. Jadu was the site of an Italian concentration ...

Libyan Sea: The Libyan Sea (Greek, Latin Libycum Mare) is the portion of the Mediterranean Sea, north of the African coast of ancient Libya, i.e. Cyrenaica and Marmarica (the coast of what is now eastern Libya an...

Athrun, Libya: Athrun (also spelled Lathrun, or Latrun) is a small town in northern Libya about east of Cyrene. Its name comes from Greek "Ἐρυθρόν" (Erythron), neuter of "ἐρυθρός" (erythros) "red", ...

Olbia, Libya: Olbia or Theodorias was a Roman / Byzantine town between Marj and Bayda in the Cyrenaica region of modern Libya. Olbia is now mostly the archaeological site. The location's modern name is Qasr Libya, ...

Bani Hasan, Libya: Bani Hasan is a town in western Libya lying on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Transport It is proposed to be served by a station on the national railway network, under construction in 2009....

Marble Arch (Libya): The Marble Arch, formerly known in Libya as El Gaus (i.e. The Arch), was a monument in Libya built during the days of Italian colonization. The arch marked the border between Italian Tripolitania an...

Tumu, Libya: Tumu is a border checkpoint in Libya at the Libya–Niger border in the Murzuq District. It is 310 kilometres south of Qatrun, the closest Libyan settlement on the desert road. Tumu consists of littl...

Jumayl, Libya: Jumayl (Al Jamīl, El Gemil and Al Jamail) (beautiful place) is a town in central Nuqat al Khams District of western Libya. It is located about southwest of the port of Zuwara., Jumayl had an estim...

Rebiana, Libya: Rebiana (also Rabyanah) is an oasis placed in the Libyan Desert in the Kufra District of Libya, about 120 km west of El Tag. A salt lake separates the oasis from a hill chain. To the north edge of th...

National Library of Libya: The National Library of Libya is the national library of Libya, located in Benghazi. It holds 150,000 volumes....

Museum of Libya: The Museum of Libya is a museum located in Tripoli, Libya. ...

Cinyps, Libya: Ka'am, Wadi Caam or Wadi Ka'am (Cinyps) is a small river in Tripolitana, site of a failed Greek attempt to build a city....

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