Westchester County, New York
The selectable images and aerial photographs on this page present facts related to Westchester County, New York. Westchester County, known to locals simply as Westchester, is a county located in the U.S. state of New York (41.1500° N, 73.7750° W). Westchester covers an area of and has a population of 949,113 according to the 2010 Census, residing in 45 municipalities. It was named after the city of Chester in England, and the county seat is White Plains.
The county's location puts New York City and Long Island Sound to its south, Putnam County to its north, Fairfield County, Connecticut on its east, and Rockland County as well as New Jersey to the west across of the Hudson River. Westchester became the first suburban area of its scale in world to develop. Its significance as a suburb derived mostly from the upper-middle class development of entire communities in the late 19th century, and the rapid population growth that occurred as a result.
According to 2011 U.S. Census Bureau data, the per-capita income in the county was $47,814, median income for a household in the county was $77,006. In terms of household income, Westchester County ranks number five (after Nassau County, Putnam County, Suffolk County, and Rockland County) for wealthiest county in New York State and the forty-seventh wealthiest county nationally. Westchester County ranks second immediately after New York County in terms of highest median income per person—with its higher concentration of incomes in smaller households.
At the time of European contact in the 16th and 17th centuries, the Native American inhabitants of what would become Westchester County were part of one of the Algonquian peoples whose name for themselves was Lenape ("the people"). The region inhabited by the Lenape—called by them Lenapehoking—consisted of the area around and between the Delaware and lower to middle Hudson Rivers. Throughout the region were spoken two related languages (part of the Algonquian language family and related to Mahican) collectively known as the Delaware languages: Unami and Munsee. Munsee was spoken by the inhabitants of what is today known as Westchester County as well as those from Manhattan island. Some ethnographers of the past, lacking valid contemporary sources, simply referred to the various tribes of the area as Munsee speakers, or, even more generally, as Lenni Lenape (the "true people").