Vienna Basin

The selectable maps and aerial photographs within this page illustrate facts related to Vienna Basin. The Vienna Basin is a sedimentary basin between the Eastern Alps and the Carpathian Mountains.

Geography

The fairly level area has the shape of a spindle, over an area of by . In the north it stretches up to the Marchfeld plateau beyond the Danube River. In the southeast, the Leitha Mountains separate it from the Little Hungarian Plain. In the west, it borders on the Gutenstein Alps and Vienna Woods mountain ranges of the Northern Limestone Alps. The Danube enters the basin at the Vienna Gate water gap bear Mt. Leopoldsberg, it leaves at Devín Gate in the Little Carpathians east of Hainburg.

From the late 12th century onwards, the fortresses of Wiener Neustadt and Hainburg were erected at the southeastern and eastern rim as a defensive wall against attacks from the Hungarian lands downstream the Danube River. Nevertheless the forces of King Matthias Corvinus entered the Vienna Basin during the Austrian-Hungarian War in 1485 to begin the Siege of Vienna. It was again invaded by Ottoman troops, who besieged the city in 1529 and 1683.

Street maps and aerial photographs

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Weather forecast (Austria)

Today's conditions of the weather can be expected as with a local temperature about °C and a wind speed of km/h.

Structuring

More than 80% of the basin area belong to the Austrian states of Lower Austria and Vienna, the northern parts on the Morava (March) and Thaya Rivers are part of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Along the southern and western rim geothermal and mineral water springs occur in several spa towns like Baden, Bad Vöslau and Bad Fischau-Brunn.

Parts:

The Bor Lowland and Chvojnice Hills are known collectively as Záhorská nížina (Záhorie Lowland).

Geology

The Vienna Basin formations are a series of sedimentary layers that were deposited in the Neogene. It was formed by pull apart mechanism and the Vienna Basin fault system on which the Vienna Basin lies remains seismically active. Significant earthquakes that propagated across the Vienna Basin include the Neulengbach earthquake of 1590, and the strong temblor that hit Carnuntum in the mid-4th century.

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Close places of interest

Central Bathhouse Vienna (0.07 km)

Central Bathhouse Vienna (opened in 1889 as Central-Bad Wien, Zentralbad Wien i.e. Kaiserbruendl) is one of the most elegant bathing establishments in Vienna, Austria. History The Centralbad (today: Kaiserbruendl) for the last 120 years is generally regarded as the oldest and most distinguished bathing-establishment in Vienna. The unusually deep well of the building itself was already in use in Roman times for the small fortification at a bridge (proven through the discovery of coins dating back to the Emperors Heliogabalus and Alexander Severus).

Konservatorium Wien (0.15 km)

The Konservatorium Wien Privatuniversität is a private music conservatory in Vienna, Austria established in 1938 as Musikschule der Stadt Wien. The school attained university status on June 15, 2005 as a private institution. The conservatory offers course work in orchestral instruments including Guitar and Harp, composition and conducting, early music, jazz, opera, operetta, acting, and musical theatre, as well as ballet. With a huge array of professors, students can attain diplomas and certificates that are widely accepted as qualifiers for teaching and performance positions.

Haus der Musik (0.16 km)

The Haus der Musik (House of Music) in Vienna opened in 2000, and is the first museum of sound and music in Austria. Across an exhibition space of 54,000 sq. ft., a range of hi-tech interactive and multimedia presentations introduce the world of music, from the earliest human use of instruments to the music of the present day. Those involved in developing the museum included four Austrian universities, two foreign university institutes, a team of musicians and music theorists, artists from multimedia and other areas, sound technicians, architects, and students.

Palais Coburg (0.17 km)

Palais Coburg, also known as Palais Saxe-Coburg, is a palace in Vienna, Austria. It was owned by the Kohary branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Palais Coburg was designed in 1839 by architect Karl Schleps in Neoclassical style, and built from 1840 to 1845 by Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha atop the Braunbastei (Brown Bastion), a part of the Vienna city defences dating to 1555. It is nicknamed the Spargelburg ("castle of asparagus") for its central portico with many freestanding columns.

Maltese Church, Vienna (0.22 km)

The Maltese Church ((full name - Church of Saint John the Baptist) is a Roman Catholic Gothic church of the Knights Hospitaller in Vienna, on Kärntner Straße in the 1. Wiener Gemeindebezirk Innere Stadt. History and architecture The first church on this site is mentioned in 1217, as a "House of the Prueder of the Order of Saint John", a commandry to care and support crusaders. The current building was built in the mid 15th century. In the 17th century it was a favoured preaching location for Abraham a Sancta Clara.

Other mentions of Vienna Basin

Manhartsberg

Manhartsberg is a low, flat-lying mountain ridge in Lower Austria. It rises to a maximum height of 537 m. It is the southeastern flank of the granite Bohemian massif. The ridge runs from the Thaya river up to the Wagram mountain range and is partly overlaid with Neogene sediments, primarily clays, sands and gravels of the Vienna Basin formations. This ridge continues to the northeast into Moravia in the area near Znojmo.
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Sources

Text based information has been extracted from various Wikipedia entries. Weather data is provided by OpenWeatherMap. Location distances have been calculated based on Wikipedia information. Thanks to Google, Bing Maps and OSM (Open Street Map) for map related material.

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