Tokaj wine region

The clickable images and aerial photographs below present data about Tokaj wine region. Tokaj wine region or Tokaj-Hegyalja wine region (short Tokaj-Hegyalja or Hegyalja) is a historical wine region located in northeastern Hungary. It is also one of the seven larger wine regions of Hungary . Hegyalja means "foothills" in Hungarian, and this was the original name of the region.

The region consists of 28 named villages and 11,149 hectares of classified vineyards, of which an estimated 5,500 are currently planted. Tokaj has been declared a World Heritage Site in 2002 under the name Tokaj Wine Region Historic Cultural Landscape. However, its fame long predated this distinction because it is the origin of Tokaji aszú wine, the world's oldest botrytized wine.

Due to the Treaty of Trianon, a smaller part of the historical wine region now belongs to Slovakia.

Characteristics

Some of the characteristics which make the Tokaj wine region unique are:

  • Soil and microclimate: The Tokaj terroir consists of clay or loess soil on volcanic subsoil. The microclimate is determined by the sunny, south-facing slopes and the proximity of the Tisza and Bodrog rivers, and is conducive to the proliferation of Botrytis (noble rot) and the subsequent desiccation of the grapes.
  • Indigenous grape varieties: Furmint and Hárslevelü have been cultivated in the region for centuries and, together with Yellow Muscat (Hungarian: Sárgamuskotály), Kabar, Kövérszőlő and Zéta, are the only grape varieties officially permitted for use in the region.
  • Cellars: A vast system of cellars was carved out of solid rock between 1400 and 1600 AD. They provide a constant temperature of around 10-12°C. The cellars are covered with a characteristic mold, which feeds off the alcohol evaporated during aging and keeps the humidity in the range of 85-90%, which is ideal for the aging of Tokaji wines.
  • Appellation system: A royal decree in 1757 established a closed production district in Tokaj, the world's second system of wine appellation (the first one was CHIANTI 1716). Vineyard classification began in 1730 and was completed by the national censuses of 1765 and 1772.

Street maps and aerial photographs

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More information about Tokaj wine region

History

No one knows when the first wines were made in the Tokaj region. Historical records show that vineyards had been established in Tokaj as early as the 12th century. There is evidence for the earlier introduction of wine production to the region, but opinion is divided on when this occurred.

That's not all: Wikipedia has more information about Tokaj wine region.

Close places of interest

Tarcal (6.19 km)

Tarcal is a village on the eastern edge of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, northern Hungary, in the famous Tokaj-Hegyalja wine district, from Miskolc. Geography Tarcal is located at, at the western foot of the 516 m high Nagy Hill at Tokaj at the southernmost foothills of the Eperjes-Tokaj mountain range.. Tarcal is probably the best grape-growing locale of the world famous Tokaj-Hegyalja wine district.

Mezőzombor (6.19 km)

Mezőzombor is a village in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County in northeastern Hungary.

Mád (7.45 km)

Mád is a village in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County in northeastern Hungary.

Timár (8.86 km)

Timár is a village in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary. Geography It covers an area of and has a population of 1451 people (2001).

Rakamaz (8.86 km)

Rakamaz is a town in Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county, in the Northern Great Plain region of eastern Hungary. Geography It covers an area of and has a population of 5091 people (2005).

Other mentions of Tokaj wine region

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Sources

Text based information has been extracted from various Wikipedia entries. Weather data is provided by OpenWeatherMap. Location distances have been calculated based on Wikipedia information. Thanks to Google, Bing Maps and OSM (Open Street Map) for map related material.

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