Seneca Lake (New York)

The clickable maps and pictures within this page present facts about Seneca Lake (New York). Seneca Lake is the largest of the glacial Finger Lakes of the U.S. state of New York, and the deepest lake entirely within the state. It is promoted as being the lake trout capital of the world, and is host of the National Lake Trout Derby. Because of its depth and relative ease of access, the US Navy uses Seneca Lake to perform test and evaluation of equipment ranging from single element transducers to complex sonar arrays and systems. The lake takes its name from the Seneca nation of Native Americans. At the north end of Seneca Lake is the city of Geneva, New York, home of Hobart and William Smith Colleges and the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, a division of Cornell University. At the south end of the lake is the village of Watkins Glen, New York, famed for auto racing and waterfalls.

Due to Seneca Lake's unique macroclimate it is home to over 50 wineries, many of them farm wineries and is the location of the Seneca Lake AVA. (See Seneca Lake wine trail).


At long, It is the second longest of the Finger Lakes and has the largest volume, estimated at 4.2 trillion US gallons (16 km³), roughly half of the water in all the Finger Lakes. It has a maximum depth of, and a mean depth of . It has a surface area of .

The two main inlets are Catharine Creek at the southern end and the Keuka Lake Outlet. Seneca Lake outlets into the Cayuga-Seneca Canal, which joins Seneca and Cayuga Lakes at their northern ends.

It is fed by underground springs and replenished at a rate of 328,000 gallons (29,520 m³) per minute. These springs keep the water moving in a constant circular motion, giving it little chance to freeze over. Because of Seneca Lake's great depth its temperature remains a near-constant . During the summer months however, the top does warm up to a pleasant .

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Seneca lake has a typical aquatic population for large deep lakes in the northeast, with coldwater fish such as Lake Trout and Atlantic Salmon inhabiting the deeper waters, and warmwater fish such as Smallmouth Bass and Yellow Perch inhabiting the shallower areas. The lake is also home to a robust population of "Sawbellies", the local term for Gizzard shad.


Over 200 years ago, there were Iroquois villages on Seneca Lake's surrounding hillsides. During the American Revolutionary War, their villages, including Kanadaseaga ("Seneca Castle") were wiped out during the Sullivan Expedition by troops that invaded their homeland to punish them for assisting the British. Today roadside signs trace Sullivan and Clinton's route along the east side of Seneca Lake where the burning of villages and crops occurred.

That's not all: Wikipedia offers even more information about Seneca Lake (New York).

Close places of interest

Willard, New York (3.8 km)

Willard, New York is a community west of Ovid, New York. It overlooks Seneca Lake. It is the location of the historic Willard Asylum for the Chronic Insane, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Finger Lakes (5.4 km)

The Finger Lakes are a pattern of lakes in the west-central section of Upstate New York in the United States. This region is defined as a bioregion. They are a popular tourist destination. The lakes are long and narrow (resembling fingers), and are oriented roughly on a north-south axis. The two longest, Cayuga Lake and Seneca Lake, are among the deepest in America. Both are close to 40 miles (64 km) from end to end, and never more than 3.5 miles (5.6 km) wide. Cayuga is the longest (38.1 miles, 61 km) and Seneca the largest in total area.

Dresden, Yates County, New York (5.82 km)

Dresden is a village in Yates County, New York, USA. The population was 308 at the 2010 census. The village was named after Dresden in Germany. The Village of Dresden is in the Town of Torrey and is twelve miles south of Geneva, New York. Dresden is located in the Finger Lakes Region of New York. History The region was known as "Kashong" (or "Kashanquash") to the natives and was part of the Phelps and Gorham Purchase. At the end of the 18th century, followers of Jemima Wilkinson, a religious leader, began to settle in the area.

Ovid (village), New York (6.19 km)

Ovid is a village in and one of the two county seats of Seneca County, New York, United States. The population was 612 at the 2000 census. The town was named by a clerk interested in the classics (see Ovid). The Village of Ovid is within the Town of Ovid, but a small portion is in the Town of Romulus, and is southeast of Geneva, New York. History Ovid and the surrounding area was part the lands controlled by the Iroquois. The Sullivan Expedition of 1779 drove away or killed many of these natives to reduce their raiding in support of the British.

Ovid (town), New York (6.46 km)

Ovid is a town in Seneca County, New York, United States. The population was 2,757 at the 2000 census. The town is named after the Roman poet Ovid, a name assigned by a clerk interested in the classics. The Town of Ovid contains a village also called Ovid, one of the county seats of Seneca County. The town is in the southern part of the county, extending between two Finger Lakes, and southeast of Geneva, New York. History The town was the native land of the part of the Iroquois. The Sullivan Expedition passed through this area in 1779.

Other mentions of Seneca Lake (New York)

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Text based information has been extracted from various Wikipedia articles. Weather information is provided by OpenWeatherMap. Location distances have been calculated based on Wikipedia information. Thanks to the services of Google Maps, BING and OSM (Open Street Map) for map related material.

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