Latitude: 32.1788

Longitude: -80.7429

Region: --

Sea Islands

The images and aerial photographs below illustrate data about Sea Islands. The Sea Islands are a chain of tidal and barrier islands on the Southeastern Atlantic Ocean coast of the United States. Numbering over 100, they are located between the mouths of the Santee and St. Johns Rivers along the coast of the US states of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.

Settled by indigenous cultures for thousands of years, the islands were an early site of the Spanish founding of colonial missions. Historically the Spanish influenced the Guale and Mocama chiefdoms by establishing missions in their major settlements, from St. Catherine's Island south to Fort George Island (at present-day Jacksonville, Florida). Both chiefdoms extended to the coastal areas on the mainland. The Mocama Province included territory to the St. Johns River in present-day Florida. The system ended under pressure of repeated raids by English South Carolina colonists and Indian allies. Spain ceded its territory of Florida to Great Britain in 1763 following the British victory against the French in the Seven Years War.

After 18th-century European-American settlement of Georgia and Florida, planters imported enslaved Africans as laborers. Many were used to work the labor-intensive cotton, rice and indigo plantations on the Sea Islands. The slaves developed the notable and distinct Gullah/Geechee Creole culture and language which has survived to contemporary times. The islands now are known for resort, recreational, and residential development.

Later 19th century history

During the American Civil War, the Union Navy and the Union Army soon occupied the islands. The white planter families had fled to other locations on the mainland, sometimes leaving behind their slaves. The blacks largely ran their own lives during this period. They had already created cohesive communities, because planter families often stayed on the mainland to avoid malaria and isolation. Large numbers of slaves worked on the rice and indigo plantations, and they had limited interaction with whites, which had enabled them to develop their own distinct culture.

During the war, the Union Army managed the plantations and assigned plots of land to slaves for farming.

After President Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation was effective on January 1, 1863, more than 5,000 slaves on Union-occupied islands obtained their freedom. After the war, although the freedmen hoped to be given land as compensation for having worked it for so many years in slavery, the federal government generally returned properties to the planter owners returning from their refuges or exiles. Many of the freedmen stayed in the area, working on their former plantations as sharecroppers, tenant farmers or laborers as the system changed to free labor.

In 1893 the islands were damaged by the Sea Islands Hurricane.

Maps and images

The listed street maps and pictures below can be clicked for further inspection.
 

More information about Sea Islands

Major Sea Islands

Wikipedia contains even more information about Sea Islands.

Close places of interest

Hilton Head Island, South Carolina (0.02 km)

Hilton Head Island or simply Hilton Head is a Lowcountry resort town located on an island of the same name in Beaufort County, South Carolina, USA. It is north of Savannah, Georgia and south of Charleston. The island gets its name from Captain William Hilton. In 1663, Captain Hilton identified a headland near the entrance to Port Royal Sound, which he named "Hilton's Head" after himself. The island features of beachfront on the Atlantic Ocean and is a popular vacation destination. In 2004, an estimated 2.25 million visitors pumped more than $1.5 billion into the local economy.

Disney's Hilton Head Island Resort (1.5 km)

Disney's Hilton Head Island Resort is a Disney Vacation Club Resort located in Hilton Head Island, South Carolina. Designed by Cooper, Robertson & Partners, it opened on March 1, 1996. Disney's Hilton Head Island Resort is a vacation rental accommodation that’s part of the far-reaching Disney brand of timeshares. This property is on a secluded island in the Shelter Cove Harbour area of Hilton Head Island, South Carolina. The mid-island resort has an intentionally rustic theme and this property very much caters to kids.

WHHW (2.97 km)

WHHW (1130 AM) is a radio station broadcasting an adult standards format as AM 1130 The Island – Hilton Head's Timeless Favorites. Prior to March 6, 2011, the station was an ESPN Radio affiliate, WFXH, featuring programing from CNN Radio. WHHW is licensed to Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, USA. The station is currently owned by L&L Broadcasting. Monty Jett, formerly morning host on co-owned WLOW, moved to WHHW with its most recent change.

Sea Pines Resort (3.71 km)

The Sea Pines Resort or Sea Pines is located in Sea Pines Plantation, a 5,200-acre private residential gated community located on the southern tip of the island which comprises the town of Hilton Head Island, South Carolina. Sea Pines is home to four golf courses, including Harbour Town Golf Links, Ocean Course, the Heron Point golf course (formerly known as the Sea Marsh course) and the Club Course. The RBC Heritage is a PGA Tour event held annually in April at the Harbour Town course. History On June 20, 1957, the Sea Pines Company was formed by Charles E. Fraser and Joseph B.

Hilton Head Christian Academy (4.86 km)

Hilton Head Christian Academy (HHCA) is a private college preparatory school for grades Kindergarten through 12th grade, located in Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, United States. History HHCA was founded in 1979 and sits on a 13 acre campus on the north end of Hilton Head Island. HHCA is the only school in Beaufort County accredited by both the Association of Christian Schools (ACSI) and the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS). The headmaster of the school is Matthew H. Skinner.

Other mentions of Sea Islands

Coral Sea Islands

The Coral Sea Islands Territory includes a group of small and mostly uninhabited tropical islands and reefs in the Coral Sea, northeast of Queensland, Australia. The only inhabited island is Willis Island. The territory covers 780,000 km2, extending east and south from the outer edge of the Great Barrier Reef, and including Heralds Beacon Island, Osprey Reef, the Willis Group, and fifteen other reef/island groups.

Cumberland Island

Cumberland Island is one of the Sea Islands of the southeastern United States and is the largest in terms of continuously exposed land. It is located on the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of the U.S. state of Georgia and is part of Camden County, Georgia (30°51′N, 81°27′W). Cumberland Island constitutes the westernmost point of shoreline on the Atlantic Ocean in the United States. The island is long, with an area of 36,415 acres (147.37 km² or 56.25 square miles), including of marsh, mudflats, and tidal creeks. There is no bridge to the island.

Port Royal Sound

Port Royal Sound is a coastal sound, or inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, located in the Sea Islands region, in Beaufort County in the U.S. state of South Carolina. It is the estuary of several rivers, the largest of which is the Broad River. Geography Port Royal Sound is located between Hilton Head Island to the south and, to the north, Port Royal Island, Saint Helena Island, Parris Island, and other smaller islands. The Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island facility is located on Parris Island. Several rivers flow into Port Royal Sound, most notably the Broad River.

Lihou Reef National Nature Reserve

Lihou Reef National Nature Reserve is a 8440 km2 nature reserve in the Australian Coral Sea Islands Territory. Together with the Coringa-Herald National Nature Reserve, from which it is separated by about 100 km of open ocean, it forms the Coral Sea Reserves Ramsar Site, designated on 16 August 2002, listing it under the Ramsar Convention as a wetland of international importance. History Lihou Reef and its cays were discovered by Lieutenant John Lihou, R.N., on 23 February 1823. Lihou, then Master of the brig-sloop HMS Zenobia, was on passage from Manila to South America.

Rømø

Rømø is a Danish island in the Wadden Sea. Rømø is part of Tønder municipality. The island has 650 inhabitants as of 1 January 2011 and covers an area of 129 km². Rømø is a popular tourist spot each year, attracted by the clothing optional beaches which can be driven on with motor vehicles legally. Rømø is now the southernmost of Denmark's Wadden Sea Islands (the previous being the small uninhabited island of Jordsand which sank in 1999).

Litchfield Park, Arizona

Litchfield Park is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. In 2010 it had a population of 5,476. History The town of Litchfield Park is named for its founder, Paul Weeks Litchfield (1875-1959). He was an executive of the Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company who came to the Phoenix area in 1916 in search of suitable land to farm a long-staple cotton that had previously been available only from the Sea Islands off the coast of Georgia and from Egypt. This cotton was needed to strengthen the rubber in the pneumatic tire, of which Goodyear was the world's largest producer.
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Sources

Text based information has been extracted from thousands of Wikipedia entries. Weather data is provided by OpenWeatherMap. Location distances have been calculated based on Wikipedia information. Thanks to the services of Google, Bing Maps and OSM (Open Street Map) for map related material.

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