Schenectady, New York

The clickable maps and pictures further below illustrate data related to Schenectady, New York. Schenectady is a city in Schenectady County, New York, United States, of which it is the county seat. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 66,135. The name "Schenectady" is derived loosely from a Mohawk word for "on that side of the pinery," or "near the pines," or "place beyond the pine plains."

It is in eastern New York, near the confluence of the Mohawk and Hudson Rivers. It is in the same metropolitan area as the state capital, Albany, about south-east.


When first encountered by Europeans, the area that is now Schenectady was the land of the Mohawk nation of the Iroquois Confederacy. When Dutch settlers arrived in the Hudson Valley in the 17th century, the Mohawk called the settlement at Fort Orange (present day Albany, NY) Schau-naugh-ta-da, meaning "over the pine plains." Eventually, this word entered the lexicon of the Dutch settlers, but the meaning was reversed, and the name referred to the bend in the Mohawk River where the city lies today.

Schenectady was first settled by Europeans in 1661 when the area was part of the Dutch colony of New Netherland. Settlement was led by Arent van Curler, a prominent figure in the colony who had emigrated from Nijkerk in the Netherlands, after purchase from the Mohawk Nation. Some of the Dutch brought African slaves to the region as laborers, as did the later English. In 1664 the English seized the Dutch colony and renamed it New York. Settlers purchased additional land from the Mohawk in 1670 and 1672. Twenty years later (1684) Governor Thomas Dongan granted letters patent for Schenectady to five trustees.

On February 8, 1690, during King William's War, French forces and their Indian allies attacked Schenectady by surprise, leaving 62 dead. American history notes it as the Schenectady massacre. In 1748, during King George's War, the French and Indians attacked again.

In 1765, Schenectady was incorporated as a borough. Union College was founded in 1795. During the American Revolutionary War the local militia unit, the 2nd Albany County Militia Regiment, fought in the Battle of Saratoga and against Loyalist troops. Most of the warfare in the Mohawk Valley occurred further west on the frontier.

The settlement was chartered as a city in 1798. In the 19th century, after completion of the Erie Canal in 1825, Schenectady became an important transportation and trade center, as it was part of connecting the Hudson River to the Mohawk Valley and the Great Lakes. The Albany and Schenectady Turnpike (now State Street), established in 1797, connected Albany to the Mohawk Valley. The Erie Canal (now Erie Boulevard), opened in 1825, passed through here, as did the Mohawk and Hudson Railroad, opened in 1831 as one of the first railway lines in the United States. Commodities and commercial products were shipped to the East and New York City through the Mohawk Valley and Schenectady.

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More information about Schenectady, New York

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Close places of interest

Schenectady City School District (0.59 km)

The Schenectady City School District is a public city school district in the city of Schenectady in central Schenectady County, New York. The district has 20 operating school buildings and is a component district of the Capital Region Board of Cooperative Educational Services (BOCES). It was established in 1854 and served 9971 students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade in the 2008-09 school year. That same year the district employed 728.8 FTE faculty members and the student-to-teacher ratio was 13.1.

Union College (1.94 km)

Union College is a private, non-denominational liberal arts college located in Schenectady, New York, United States. Founded in 1795, it was the first institution of higher learning chartered by the New York State Board of Regents. In the 19th century, it became the "Mother of Fraternities", as three of the earliest such organizations were established there. After 175 years as a traditional all-male institution, Union College began enrolling women in 1970.

WRUC (2.03 km)

WRUC-FM is an independent college radio station owned and operated by Union College in Schenectady, New York. The station is licensed by the FCC to operate on the frequency 89.7 Mhz at an effective radiated power of 100 watts. The station also streams its content on Internet radio at The station has long claimed to be the first station in the nation, a distinction that has been challenged by other stations. WRUC is run entirely by the students of Union College.

Schenectady High School (2.46 km)

Schenectady High School is a high school located at 1445 The Plaza in Schenectady, New York, USA. It was founded in 1992 through the merger of Linton High School and Mont Pleasant High School. It is the only high school in the Schenectady City School District. Among the programs at SHS are the International Baccalaureate Program and the CISCO program. Schenectady High has a number of schools, including the Fine Art House, the Math, Science and Technology House, the GE Scholars School of Humanities and Culture, and the Global Commerce House.

Rotterdam (CDP), New York (2.74 km)

Rotterdam is a census-designated place (CDP) in the town of Rotterdam in Schenectady County, New York, United States. It is a suburb of Schenectady. The population was 20,652 at the 2010 census. History Rotterdam was part of the Dutch colony on the eastern seaboard, and is named after Rotterdam, Netherlands, and as such predates English settlement. Geography Rotterdam is located at (42.782776, -73.957261). According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.9 mi² (17.9 km²), all land.

Other mentions of Schenectady, New York


For the station in Schenectady, New York that previously held the callsign, see WRVE. WGFM (105.1 FM) in Cheboygan, Michigan is an American radio station, which airs a mainstream rock format branded as Rock 105. WGFM boasts a 100,000-watt signal which easily covers most of northern Lower Michigan from Grayling northward and extends into the eastern Upper Peninsula. Rock 105 is also heard on translator W279CC (103.7 FM) in Alpena. The station formerly simulcast with WJZJ 95.5 FM (now WQEZ) in the Traverse City area as "Real Rock 105 and 95-5" until April 1, 2013.


WRVE (99.5 The River) is a Hot Adult Contemporary radio station licensed to Schenectady, New York and serving the Capital District and Upper Hudson Valley of New York. It broadcasts at 99.5 FM at 14.5 kilowatts ERP from a transmitter in Guilderland, New York. The station is owned by Clear Channel Communications and is one of seven radio stations currently owned by the company in the Albany market.
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