Latitude: 56.8744

Longitude: 24.3014

Region: --

Salaspils concentration camp

The images and aerial photographs on this page show facts related to Salaspils concentration camp. Salaspils concentration camp was established at the end of 1941 at a point 18 km southeast of Riga (Latvia). The Nazi bureaucracy drew distinctions between different types of camps. Officially, Salaspils was a Police Prison and Work Education Camp (Polizeigegfängnis und Arbeitserziehungslager). It was also known as camp Kurtenhof after the German name for the city of Salaspils. Planning for the development of the camp and its prisoner structure changed several times. In 1943, Heinrich Himmler briefly considered converting the camp into an official concentration camp (Konzentrationslager), which would have formally subordinated the camp to the National Security Main Office (Reichssicherheitshauptamt or RSHA), but nothing came of this.

Original plan

In October 1941, SS-Sturmbannführer Rudolf Lange began planning a detention camp to be built at Salaspils to confine people arrested in Latvia by the police and also to house Jewish people deported from Germany and other countries to Latvia. Lange, who originally was the coordinator of Special Assignment Group A (Einsatzgruppe A), a mobile squad of killers, started a new job in December 1941 as commander of both the security police (Sicherheitspolizei) in Latvia and also of the Security Service (Sicherheitsdient). The place selected, near the city of Salaspils, was readily accessible from the main railway connecting Riga and Daugavpils, the two largest cities in Latvia. The plan was to work the prisoners harvesting peat and also, as part of what soon became known as the Final Solution, to separate Jewish men from Jewish women to prevent them from having children. In February 1942 Lange, probably because of his deeds in Latvia, became a participant in the Wannsee Conference where the final plans for the murder of the Jews of Europe were established by the Nazi hierarchy.

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More information about Salaspils concentration camp

Camp construction and changes of plan

The first rail transport of German Jews arrived unexpectedly in Latvia in October 1941 before the Salaspils camp was complete. The train had been rerouted from its original destination of Minsk to Riga. The Jewish people on the train were housed temporarily in Jungfernhof concentration camp ("KZ Jungfernhof") or a little later in a Nazi-delineated part of Riga which later became known as the Riga Ghetto.

The camp site was prepared in October 1941 by Soviet prisoners of war from the Salaspils branch camp Stalag 350/Z of the Riga of base camp 350 and by deported Czech Jews as well as few German Jews from KZ Jungfernhof. In the middle of January 1942 at least 1,000 Jews from the Riga Ghetto were forced to work building the camp. Insufficient accommodation and sanitary conditions, lack of nutrition and severe cold weather caused an extraordinarily high number of deaths.

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Close places of interest

Dārziņi Station (1.33 km)

Dārziņi Station is a railway station on the Riga – Daugavpils Railway.

Dole Station (1.77 km)

Dole Station is a railway station on the Riga – Daugavpils Railway.

Dārziņi (1.92 km)

Dārziņi is part of Riga, the capital of Latvia.

Rumbula Station (3.08 km)

Rumbula Station is a railway station on the Riga – Daugavpils Railway in Latvia.

Rumbula, Stopiņi Municipality (3.28 km)

Rumbula is a village in Stopiņi Municipality in the historical region of Vidzeme, and the Riga Planning Region in Latvia.

Other mentions of Salaspils concentration camp

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