Latitude: 51.5258

Longitude: -0.144969

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Royal College of Physicians

The selectable images and pictures below present information about Royal College of Physicians. The Royal College of Physicians of London is a British professional body of doctors of general medicine and its subspecialties.
It was originally founded as the College of Physicians. It received a royal charter in 1518 from King Henry VIII, affirmed by Act of Parliament in 1523.
It is a member of the UK Academy of Medical Royal Colleges.

It was the first medical institution in England to become a Royal College, and the first Royal College in the UK and Ireland for physicians; its charter followed that of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh which received its royal charter in 1506.
The college has been continuously active in improving practice medicine since then, primarily though training and qualifying new physicians.
The President of the college is Sir Richard Thompson.


A small group of distinguished physicians, led by the scholar and humanist Thomas Linacre, petitioned the King to be incorporated into a College similar to those found in a number of other European countries. The main functions of the College, as set down in the founding Charter, were to grant licenses to those qualified to practice and to punish unqualified practitioners and those engaging in malpractice. This included apothecaries as well as physicians.

The College was based at three sites in the City of London near St Paul's Cathedral, before moving to Pall Mall East (overlooking Trafalgar Square), and finally on to its current location in Regent's Park.
The first Harveian Librarian was Christopher Merret.

Throughout its history the College has issued advice across the whole range of medical and health matters. College publications include the first ten editions of the London Pharmacopoeia (written in Latin, and used for regulating the composition of medicines from 1618 and, through the College's police the Censors, for enforcing the College's monopoly on medical science, then being challenged by the Society of Apothecaries), and the `Nomenclature of Diseases' in 1869. The latter created the international standard for the classification of diseases which was to last until the World Health Organisation's Manual of the international classification of diseases superseded it in the twentieth century.

The College became the licensing body for medical books in the late seventeenth century, and sought to set new standards in learning through its own system of examinations. The College's great tradition of examining continues to this day and it is still perhaps how the College is best known to the general public.

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Close places of interest

Holy Trinity Church Marylebone (0.2 km)

Holy Trinity Church Marylebone, Westminster, London is a former Anglican church, built in 1828 by Sir John Soane. In 1818 parliament passed an act setting aside one million pounds to celebrate the defeat of Napoleon. This is one of the so-called "Waterloo churches" that were built with the money. It has an external pulpit facing onto Marylebone Road, and an entrance with four large Ionic columns. There is a lantern steeple, similar to St Pancras New Church, which is also on Euston Road to the east.

St Anne's Roman Catholic Church, Laxton Place (0.21 km)

St Anne's is a Roman Catholic church in Laxton Place near Regent's Park in London. The church was constructed in 1970 but fell into disuse at the turn of the 21st century. History There had been a school chapel in Little Albany Street since 1857, replaced in 1938 by a new church in Seaton Place. The redevelopment of the area in the 1960s included provision for a new church on the corner of Laxton Place and Longford Street. Cardinal Heenan laid the foundation stone on 30 May 1970 and the church opened later that year.

London Colosseum (0.26 km)

The London Colosseum was a building to the east of Regent's Park, London. It was built in 1827 to exhibit Thomas Hornor's "Panoramic view of London", the largest painting ever created. The design of the Colosseum was inspired by the Pantheon in Rome. It was demolished in 1874. History The Colosseum was a venture of English artist and surveyor, Thomas Hornor, built to exhibit a vast panoramic view of London.

Park Crescent, London (0.34 km)

Park Crescent is at the north end of Portland Place and south of Marylebone Road in London, England. The Crescent consists of elegant stuccoed terraced houses by the architect John Nash, which form a semicircle. The Crescent is part of Nash's town-planning scheme linking central London to Regent's Park. History Work on the Crown Estate properties started in 1806, but the builder Charles Mayor went bankrupt after 6 houses had been built and was only completed 1819-21.

Chester Terrace (0.36 km)

Chester Terrace is one of the neo-classical terraces in Regent's Park, London, designed by John Nash and built in 1825. The terrace has the longest unbroken facade in Regents Park (about 280 metres). It takes its name from one of the titles of George IV before he became king, Earl of Chester. It now lies within the London Borough of Camden. Architecture All 42 houses are Grade I listed buildings. They were designed by John Nash, and built by James Burton in 1825.

Other mentions of Royal College of Physicians

Hans Place

Hans Place, London, England, is a residential garden square situated immediately south of Harrods in Chelsea. It is named after Sir Hans Sloane, 1st Baronet, PRS (16 April 1660 - 11 January 1753), who was a physician and collector, notable for bequeathing his collection to the British nation which became the foundation of the British Museum. President of the Royal Society and of the Royal College of Physicians of London, he also invented drinking chocolate and gave his name to Sloane Square.

Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI), is a Dublin-based medical institution, situated on St. Stephen's Green. The college is one of the five Recognised Colleges of the National University of Ireland. The college dates back to 1784 and at present incorporates schools of medicine, pharmacy, physiotherapy and nursing, providing both undergraduate and postgraduate levels of medical education. Among medical institutions outside Ireland, the use of the term "Royal College" currently indicates an oversight body for postgraduate medical education.
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