Opéra (Paris Métro)

The clickable images and pictures within this page show facts about Opéra (Paris Métro). Opéra is a station of the Paris Métro, named after the nearby Opera Garnier, built by the architect Charles Garnier. It is located at the end of the Avenue de l'Opera, one of the accesses being opposite the Opera, and serves the district of the Boulevard Haussmann. Three Métro lines (3, 7 and 8) cross each other at one point, known as a "well".

The station offers a connection to Auber RER station and indirectly with the Havre-Caumartin Métro station, however, ongoing construction work has limited the access Metro users have to it.

The station is famous for its strong odors of sewers. When it was being built, there were concerns that one of Hector Guimard's characteristic iron metro entrances would spoil the view of the opera house, so a marble entrance was built instead.

History

The line 3 platforms opened on 19 October 1904 as part of the first section of the line opened between Père Lachaise and Villiers. A twenty metre high masonry well was built to avoid the need for heavy underpinning work when lines 7 and 8 were planned to be built. This work was affected by groundwater, which required the support of three concrete pillars, made by sinking caissons with workers digging out the mud with compressed air. The work lasted eleven months, from March 1903 to February 1904. The line 7 platforms opened on 5 November 1910 as part of the first section of the line opened between Opéra and Porte de la Villette. The line 8 platforms opened on 13 July 1913 as part of the first section of the line opened between Opéra and Beaugrenelle (now Charles Michels station on line 10).

Street maps and aerial photographs

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Weather forecast (France)

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Station layout

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Close places of interest

Place de l'Opéra (0.01 km)

The Place de l'Opéra is a square in the 9th arrondissement of Paris, at the junction of boulevard des Italiens, boulevard des Capucines, avenue de l'Opéra, rue Auber, rue Halévy, rue de la Paix and rue du Quatre-Septembre. It was built at the same time as the Opéra Garnier (designed by Charles Garnier), which is sited on it and after which it is named. Both structures were part of the Haussmannian redesign of Paris under Napoleon III of France.

Boulevard des Capucines (0.11 km)

The Boulevard des Capucines is one of the four 'grands boulevards' in Paris, a chain of boulevards running east-west that also includes Boulevard de la Madeleine, Boulevard des Italiens, and Boulevard Montmartre. The name comes from a beautiful convent of Capuchine nuns whose garden was on the south side of the boulevard prior to the French Revolution. The former name, Rue Basse-du-Rempart ("bottom-of-the-wall street" in French), suggests that, in the beginning, the street paralleled the city wall of Paris. Then, when the wall was destroyed, the street was widened and became a boulevard.

Théâtre du Vaudeville (0.11 km)

The Théâtre du Vaudeville (today the Gaumont Opéra cinema) was a theatre in Paris. It opened on 12 January 1792 on rue de Chartres. Its directors, Piis and Barré, mainly put on "petites pièces mêlées de couplets sur des airs connus", including vaudevilles. After it was burned down in 1838, the Vaudeville temporarily based itself on boulevard de Bonne-Nouvelle before in 1841 setting up in the Salle de la Bourse on the Place de la Bourse in the 2e arrondissement. This building was demolished in 1869.

Hôtel Guimard (0.14 km)

Marie-Madeleine Guimard was a dancer of the Opera appointed to 600 pounds annually. She made her fortune as mistress of the Prince de Soubise and had a hotel in Pantin with a theater. Her hotel at 9, rue de la Chaussée-d'Antin was designed by architect Claude-Nicolas Ledoux in the neoclassical style, and built in the years 1770 to 1773. The Hôtel Guimard was nicknamed "Terpsichore temple" in reference to Mlle Guimard (Terpsichore was the Muse of dance).

Palais Berlitz (0.15 km)

The Palais Berlitz is an office building built in Paris in the 1930s on a quadrilateral formed by the Boulevard des Italiens, the rue Louis-le-Grand, the Rue de la Michodière and the rue du Hanovre. It was built in place of the Pavillon du Hanovre which was dismantled and rebuilt in a park in the suburb of Paris. Le Pavillon de Hanovre Le Pavillon de Hanovre was built between 1758 and 1760 by the French architect Jean-Michel Chevotet (1698–1772) in the gardens of Maréchal de Richelieu rue Neuve-Saint-Augustin (currently Boulevard des Italiens).

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Sources

Text based information has been extracted from various Wikipedia entries. Weather information is provided by OpenWeatherMap. Location distances have been calculated based on Wikipedia information. Thanks to the services of Google, BING and OSM (Open Street Map) for map related material.

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