Notre Dame de Paris

The images and aerial photographs further below illustrate information related to Notre Dame de Paris. Notre-Dame de Paris (French for "Our Lady of Paris"), also known as Notre-Dame Cathedral or simply Notre-Dame, is an historic Roman Rite Catholic Marian cathedral on the eastern half of the Île de la Cité in the fourth arrondissement of Paris, France. The cathedral is widely considered to be one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture and among the largest and most well-known church buildings in the world. The naturalism of its sculptures and stained glass are in contrast with earlier Romanesque architecture.

As the cathedral of the Archdiocese of Paris, Notre-Dame is the parish that contains the cathedra, or official chair, of the archbishop of Paris, currently Archbishop André Vingt-Trois. The cathedral treasury is notable for its reliquary which houses some of Catholicism's most important first-class relics including the purported Crown of Thorns, a fragment of the True Cross, and one of the Holy Nails.

In the 1790s, Notre-Dame suffered desecration during the radical phase of the French Revolution when much of its religious imagery was damaged or destroyed. An extensive restoration supervised by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc began in 1845. A project of further restoration and maintenance began in 1991.

Architecture

Notre-Dame de Paris was among the first buildings in the world to use the flying buttress (arched exterior supports). The building was not originally designed to include the flying buttresses around the choir and nave but after the construction began, the thinner walls (popularized in the Gothic style) grew ever higher and stress fractures began to occur as the walls pushed outward. In response, the cathedral's architects built supports around the outside walls, and later additions continued the pattern.

Many small individually crafted statues were placed around the outside to serve as column supports and water spouts. Among these are the famous gargoyles, designed for water run-off, and chimeras. The statues were originally colored as was most of the exterior. The paint has worn off, but the grey stone was once covered with vivid colors. The cathedral was essentially complete by 1345. The cathedral has a narrow climb of 387 steps at the top of several spiral staircases; along the climb it is possible to view its most famous bell and its gargoyles in close quarters, as well as having a spectacular view across Paris when reaching the top. The design of St. Peter's Cathedral in Adelaide, Australia was inspired by Notre-Dame de Paris.

Maps and images

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Weather forecast (France)

Current weather conditions are reported as with local temperature about degrees centigrade and a wind speed of km/h.

Contemporary critical reception

Jean de Jandum recognized the cathedral as one of Paris's three most important buildings in his 1323 "Treatise on the Praises of Paris":

Construction history

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Close places of interest

Musée de Notre Dame de Paris (0.04 km)

The Musée de Notre Dame de Paris was a small museum dedicated to the cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris and its archaeology. It stands at 10, rue du Cloître Notre Dame, Paris, France, and was open to the public several afternoons per week; an admission fee was charged. The museum was established in 1951 to present the cathedral's history, as well as archaeological objects found in the cathedral's crypt dating from Roman times to the 19th century.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Paris (0.05 km)

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Paris is one of twenty-three archdioceses of the Roman Catholic Church in France. The original diocese is traditionally thought to have been created in the 3rd century by St. Denis and corresponded with the Civitas Parisiorum; it was elevated to an archdiocese on October 20, 1622. Its suffragan dioceses, created in 1966 and encompassing the Île-de-France region, are in Créteil (Val-de-Marne), Évry-Corbeil-Essonnes (Essonne), Meaux (Seine-et-Marne), Nanterre (Hauts-de-Seine), Pontoise (Val-d'Oise), Saint-Denis (Seine-Saint-Denis), and Versailles (Yvelines).

Pont au Double (0.1 km)

The Pont au Double is a bridge over the Seine in Paris, France. Location The bridge links the 4th and 5th arrondissements of Paris, from the Île de la Cité to the quai de Montebello. Bridge location on the Seine: Downstream: Petit Pont Upstream: Pont de l'Archevêché History In 1515, Francis I was asked to build a bridge over the small branch of the Seine in order to carry patients to the Hôtel-Dieu hospital on the Île de la Cité. Construction began in 1626 and in 1634 the two sides were connected.

Parvis Notre-Dame – place Jean-Paul-II (0.12 km)

Parvis Notre-Dame – place Jean-Paul-II is the official name of the square consisting of the parvise of Notre Dame de Paris on the Île de la Cité. It was known simply as the place du Parvis-Notre-Dame until 2006 when it was renamed in honour of Pope John Paul II who died in 2005. The change generated controversy. The parvis was originally much smaller and its current shape dates back to the extensive urban renewal plans of Baron Haussmann during the Second French Empire. The square is also the location of France's Kilometre Zero which is indicated by a stone of the parvis.

Square René-Viviani (0.19 km)

The Square René Viviani (Official French name: Square René Viviani-Montebello) is a public square adjacent to the Church of Saint-Julien-le-Pauvre in the fifth arrondissement of Paris. Location The Square René Viviani is located to the north of the Saint-Julien-le-Pauvre church, which is a Melkite Greek Catholic parish church resident in one of the oldest religious buildings in the city.

Other mentions of Notre Dame de Paris

Sleeping Beauty Castle

Sleeping Beauty Castle is the fairy tale structure castle at the center of Disneyland Park and Hong Kong Disneyland. It is based on the late-19th century Neuschwanstein Castle in Bavaria, Germany, with some French inspirations (especially Notre Dame de Paris and the Hospices de Beaune). Disneyland version Opened July 17, 1955, the castle is the oldest of all Disney castles. Though it reaches a height of only, it was designed to appear taller through a process known as forced perspective; design elements are larger at the foundation and smaller at the turrets.
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Sources

Text based information has been extracted from thousands of Wikipedia entries. Weather data is provided by OpenWeatherMap. Location distances have been calculated based on Wikipedia information. Thanks to the services of Google Maps, Bing Maps and OSM (Open Street Map) for map related material.

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