Latitude: 32.3717

Longitude: -16.275

Region: --

Madeira

The images and pictures further below illustrate information about Madeira. Madeira (oror) is a Portuguese archipelago that lies between and, just under north of Tenerife, Canary Islands, in the north Atlantic Ocean and an outermost region of the European Union. The archipelago comprises the major part of one of the two Autonomous regions of Portugal (the other being the Azores located to the northwest), that includes the islands of Madeira, Porto Santo, and the Desertas, administered together with the separate archipelago of the Savage Islands.

Madeira was discovered by Portuguese sailors in the service of Infante D. Henrique (Henry the Navigator) in 1419, and settled after 1420. The archipelago is considered to be the first territorial discovery of the exploratory period of the Portuguese Age of Discovery.

Today, it is a popular year-round resort, being visited every year by about one million tourists, noted for its Madeira wine, flowers, landscapes and embroidery artisans, as well as for its annual New Year celebrations that feature the largest fireworks show in the world, as officially recognised by the Guinness World Records, in 2006. The main harbour in Funchal is the leading Portuguese port in cruise liner dockings, being an important stopover for commercial and trans-Atlantic passenger cruises between Europe, the Caribbean and North Africa.

Madeira is currently the second richest region in Portugal, after Lisbon, with a GDP per capita of 104% of the European average.

History

Exploration

Pliny mentioned certain "Purple Islands", their position corresponding to the location of the Fortunate Isles (or Canary Islands), that may have referred to islands of Madeira. Plutarch (Sertorius, 75 AD) referring to the military commander Quintus Sertorius (d. 72 BC), relates that after his return to Cádiz: "...The islands are said to be two in number separated by a very narrow strait and lie 10,000 furlongs from Africa. They are called the Isles of the Blessed..." The estimated distance from Africaand the closeness of the two islands, seem to describe the similar position of the islands of Madeira and Porto Santo.

Legend

There is also a romantic tale of two lovers, Robert Machim and Anna d'Arfet, during the reign of King Edward III of England, who, fleeing from England to France in 1346, were driven off their course by a violent storm. Their ship crashed along the coast of an island, that may have been Madeira; later, this story would be used in the naming of Machico, whose name was transliterated from the name of the boy in the tale, in memory of the young lovers.

Discovery

Maps and aerial photographs

The street maps and aerial photographs below can be clicked for further inspection.
 

More information about Madeira

Wikipedia has even more information about Madeira.

Close places of interest

Bugio Island (17.1 km)

Bugio Island is one of the Desertas Islands, a small chain of islands in the archipelago of Madeira, located to the southeast of the island of Madeira. The island is a nature reserve with no approach to the island closer than 100 m. The island has breeding Fea's Petrels.

Deserta Grande Island (27.36 km)

The Deserta Grande Island is the main island of the Desertas Islands, a small chain of islands in the archipelago of Madeira, located to the southeast of the island of Madeira. The island is a nature reserve with a manned base halfway along the western side. South of the base, no approach to the island closer than 100 m is permitted in order to protect the critically endangered Mediterranean Monk Seal breeding population. Access is permitted to the north of the nature base, but some activities such as line and spear fishing are banned.

Ilhéu Chão (33.82 km)

The Ilhéu Chão is a small islet within the Desertas Islands, a small chain of islands which are in turn within the Madeira archipelago. Chão is located to the southeast of the Madeira island.

2010 Madeira floods and mudslides (59.29 km)

The 2010 Madeira floods + mudslides were the result of an extreme weather event that affected Madeira Island in Portugal's autonomous Madeira archipelago on 20 February 2010. At least 42 people died and at least 100 were injured. However, with at least eight people still missing, the final death toll is still uncertain. Causes The rainfall was associated with an active cold front and an Atlantic low-pressure area that was over the Azores and moved northeastwards on 19 February 2010.

Other mentions of Madeira

Tabua, Madeira

Tabua is a parish in the district of Ribeira Brava in the Madeira Islands. The population in 2001 is 1,105, its density is 99.5/km² and the area is 11.1 km². It is located W of Funchal and SE of Madeira. The main industry are agriculture. It is connected with a road linking Calheta and Funchal. The Atlantic Ocean is to the south. The mountains are to the north. The parish of Ponta do Sol borders to its west. Tabua is in a valley setting with a stream running just west of Tabua. The stream flows with several streams from the mountaintop that is like a crater rim of a volcano.

Caniço (Santa Cruz)

Caniço is a parish in the municipality of Santa Cruz in the Madeira Islands. It was elevated to city status in 2005. The population in 2001 is 11,586, its density is 965.5/km² and the area is 23 km². Caniço is connected with the urban sprawl of Funchal and like Calheta, Caniço is larger than the seat of the municipality. The city of Funchal is bordered to its west. It is located 6 km E of Funchal. Caniço is surrounded with two streams, a shorter one in the west and a long stream to the east. The main industry are agriculture with some businesses.

Ponta Delgada, São Vicente

Ponta Delgada is a parish in the district of São Vicente in the Madeira Islands. The population in 2001 is 1,325, its density is 150.6/km² and the area is 8.8 km². It is the smallest parish in population and density and the second in area. It is located east of São Vicente. The main industry are agriculture with some businesses. It is connected with a road linking São Vicente and the western part of the island and Santana. The Atlantic Ocean is to the north. The mountains are to the south. The parish of Santana lies to the east.

TSMS Lakonia

The TSMS Lakonia was a Greek-owned cruise-liner which caught fire and sank north of Madeira on December 22, 1963 with the loss of 128 lives. The Dutch-built vessel had earlier seen service as the MS Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, sailing regularly between Amsterdam and the East Indies. She would later be recommissioned as an allied troopship, and then as a pleasure cruiser. Nine months before her sinking, she was sold to the General Steam Navigation Company of Greece.

São Roque do Faial

São Roque do Faial (Portuguese for Saint Roch) is a parish in the district of Santana in the Madeira Islands. The population in 2001 is 927, its density is 58.3/km² and the area is 15.9 km². São Roque do Faial is the third smallest in population, the third largest in density and the second smallest in area in Santana. It is located east of Santana and south of Faial. The main industry is agriculture. It is connected with a road linking Santana and Machico. The parish of Machico lies to the east.

Madeira, Ohio

Madeira is a city in Hamilton County, Ohio, United States. The population was 8,726 at the 2010 census. Madeira has a Council-Manager form of government, where the elected City Council appoints a paid City Manager to run the day to day operations of the city. Madeira is served by its own police department, while fire service is provided by the Madeira-Indian Hill Joint Fire District. Madeira is largely a residential community, with a small downtown and some light industry. Educational needs are served by the nationally ranked Madeira City Schools. Madeira is a suburb of Cincinnati.
Do you want to read more? There may be more information available. You can search the whole library for more content about Madeira.

Sources

Text based information has been extracted from thousands of Wikipedia entries. Weather information is provided by OpenWeatherMap. Location distances have been calculated based on Wikipedia information. Thanks to Google Maps, BING and OSM (Open Street Map) for map related material.

More options