La Madeleine, Paris

The maps and pictures below present data about La Madeleine, Paris. L'église de la Madeleine (Madeleine Church; more formally, L'église Sainte-Marie-Madeleine; less formally, just La Madeleine) is a Roman Catholic church occupying a commanding position in the 8th arrondissement of Paris.

The Madeleine Church was designed in its present form as a temple to the glory of Napoleon's army. To its south lies the Place de la Concorde, to the east is the Place Vendôme, and to the west L'église Saint-Augustin.

History

The site of this edifice, centred at the end of rue Royale, a line-of-sight between Gabriel's twin hôtels in the Place de la Concorde, required a suitably monumental end from the time the square was established in 1755, as Place Louis XV. The settlement round the site was called Ville l'Évêque, for it had belonged to the bishop of Paris since the time of Philip II of France, when Bishop Maurice de Sully seized the synagogue that stood on the site from the Jews of Paris in 1182, and consecrated it a church dedicated to Mary Magdalene. The site in the suburban faubourg had been annexed to the city of Paris since 1722.

Two false starts were made on building a church on this site. The reconstruction of the older church consecrated to Mary Magdalene was considered. The first design, commissioned in 1757, with construction begun with the King's ceremonial placing of the cornerstone, April 3, 1763, was halted in 1764; that first design, by Pierre Contant d'Ivry, was based on Jules Hardouin Mansart Late Baroque church of Les Invalides, with a dome surmounting a Latin cross. In 1777, Contant d'Ivry died and was replaced by his pupil Guillaume-Martin Couture, who decided to start anew, razing the incomplete construction, shortening the nave and basing his new, more centralized design on the Roman Pantheon. At the start of the Revolution of 1789, however, only the foundations and the grand portico had been finished; the choir of the former church was demolished in 1797, but work was discontinued while debate simmered as to what purpose the eventual building might serve in Revolutionary France: a library, a public ballroom, and a marketplace were all suggested. In the meantime, the National Assembly was housed in the Palais Bourbon behind a pedimented colonnaded front that was inspired by the completed portico at the far end of the former rue Royale.

After the execution of Louis XVI his body was immediately transported to the old Church of the Madeleine (demolished in 1799), since the legislation in force forbade burial of his remains beside those of his father, the Dauphin Louis de France, at Sens. Two curates who had sworn fealty to the Revolution held a short memorial service at the church. One of them, Damoureau, stated in evidence:

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Close places of interest

Pinacothèque de Paris (0.14 km)

The Pinacothèque de Paris is an art gallery in Paris, France, with exhibition space for temporary exhibitions of artworks. It is owned and run by the academic and Modigliani scholar Marc Restellini. The art gallery opened on 15 June 2007 at 28, Place de la Madeleine in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, France. It was previously at 30, Rue de Paradis in the 10th arrondissement, where an exhibition of works by Picasso was held in Autumn 2003. The gallery is funded from private sources and organizes exhibitions. There is no permanent collection of artworks.

Boulevard de la Madeleine (0.17 km)

The Boulevard de la Madeleine is one of the four 'grands boulevards' in Paris, a chain running east west and also including boulevard de la Madeleine, Boulevard des Capucines, Boulevard des Italiens and Boulevard Montmartre. It begins next to Église de la Madeleine which gave its name to the boulevard. At the n°11, died in February 1847 Marie Duplessis whose life and dead were depicted by Alexandre Dumas fils in the novel la Dame aux Camélias and by Giuseppe Verdi in the opera la traviata. In 1966, The Moody Blues recorded a single named for this boulevard.

Hermès (0.21 km)

Hermès International S.A., Hermes of Paris, or simply Hermès is a French manufacturer of quality goods established in 1837, today specializing in leather, lifestyle accessories, perfumery, luxury goods, and ready-to-wear. Its logo, since the 1950s, is of a Duc carriage with horse.

Rue Royale, Paris (0.23 km)

The rue Royale is a short street in Paris, France running between the place de la Concorde and the place de la Madeleine (site of the Church of the Madeleine). Among the well-known addresses on this street is that of Maxim's restaurant, at number 3. The rue Royale is in the city's 8th arrondissement. There is also a Rue Royale in Brussels, Belgium, near the Royal Palace.

Euronext Paris (0.26 km)

Euronext Paris is France's securities market, formerly known as the Paris Bourse, which merged with the Amsterdam, Lisbon and Brussels exchanges in September 2000 to form Euronext NV, which is the second largest exchange in Europe behind the UK's London Stock Exchange. It now belongs to the NYSE Euronext group, the first global stock exchange. Operations It operates the MATIF futures exchange, which trades futures and options on interest rate products and commodities, and MONEP, equity and index futures and options.

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Sources

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