Kaufering concentration camp

The clickable maps and pictures within this page illustrate facts related to Kaufering concentration camp. Kaufering concentration camps were a network of subsidiary camps of the Dachau concentration camp.

With the intensification of the Allied air war against German industrial and military enterprises after 1943, the German Armaments Ministry and the Schutzstaffel (SS) agreed to accelerate construction of massive underground factories, using large numbers of conscripted laborers and concentration camp prisoners. Hundreds of satellite camps attached to major Nazi concentration camps were established throughout the German Reich in 1944 and 1945. Inmates were compelled to hollow out the sides of mountains or caves for immense systems of tunnels and factories that would be secure from Allied bombs. Those who survived these tasks were often used to build new weaponry, such as the Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighter, and V-2 ballistic missiles.

In Bavaria, two major camp systems, Mühldorf and Kaufering, were set up as subcamps of the Dachau concentration camp. Its inmates provided the labor necessary to build subterranean facilities for fighter aircraft production in the Landsberg area. The region was chosen in part because of its favorable geological composition for the construction of mammoth underground installations, which were to be insulated by 9 to 15 feet thick concrete walls. To house the concentration camp prisoners, the SS created camps near the proposed industrial sites. At the Kaufering and Mühldorf camps, prisoners often slept in poorly heated and badly provisioned earthen huts, which were partially submerged in the soil and covered with earth to disguise them from the air. The larger of Kaufering's 11 camps each contained several thousand prisoners, the vast majority of whom were Jews. Disease, malnutrition, and the brutal conditions in the workplace and in the camps took its toll on the inmates, resulting in a high mortality rate.

As U.S. armed forces approached the Kaufering complex in late April 1945, the SS began evacuating the camps, sending the prisoners on death marches in the direction of Dachau. Those inmates who could not keep up were often shot or beaten to death by the guards. At Kaufering IV, the SS set fire to the barracks killing hundreds of prisoners who were too ill or weak to move.

In popular culture

The liberation of Kaufering was dramatized in the "Why We Fight" episode of Band of Brothers.

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Close places of interest

Kaufering station (4.8 km)

Kaufering station is the station of the market town of Kaufering in the Upper Bavarian district of Landsberg am Lech. The station has five platform tracks and is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 4 station. It is used daily by about 140 trains operated by DB Regio and Regentalbahn and is an interchange station between the Allgäu Railway and the Bobingen–Landsberg am Lech railway (Lechfeld Railway). Location Kaufering station is located south of Kaufering. The station area is bounded to the north by Bahnhofstrasse and to the south by Viktor-Frankl-Straße.

Lechfeld Air Base (7.19 km)

Lechfeld Air Base is a German Air Force (Luftwaffe) base located 1 km east of Lagerlechfeld in Bavaria, about 20 km south of Augsburg on the Bundestrasse 17. It is the home of Training Division A of the School of Management Assistance, and of 32 Fighter Bomber Wing (Jagdbombergeschwader 32), part of the Luftwaffe's 1st Air Division. The two squadrons based there fly the Panavia Tornado. History In 1912, the military flight operations started at the Lechfeld, but were forbidden after the First World War. Flight operations were resumed in 1934 and a flight school was opened.

Landsberg-Lech Air Base (7.65 km)

Landsberg-Lech Air Base (German: Fliegerhorst Landsberg/Lech, ICAO: ETSA) is a German Air Force base located near the town of Landsberg am Lech in Bavaria. Landsberg is used as a transport base. It is home of the Air Transport Wing 61. Aircraft at the base are C-160 Transall and UH-1D Huey helicopters. History World War II With the formation of the Luftwaffe in 1935, locations for air bases were selected throughout the entire country. The Penzing area was selected for one of these bases because of the suitable geographical, navigational and other technical aspects.

Landsberg Prison (7.9 km)

Landsberg Prison is a penal facility located in the town of Landsberg am Lech in the southwest of the German state of Bavaria, about west of Munich and south of Augsburg. The prison was used by Allied power during the Occupation of Germany for holding Nazi War Criminals. In 1946 General Joseph T. McNarney, commander in chief, U.S. Forces of Occupation in Germany renamed Landsberg: War Criminal Prison Nr. 1. The Americans closed the war crimes facility in 1958. Control of the prison was then handed over to the Federal Republic of Germany.

Erpfting (10 km)

Erpfting is a borough of Landsberg am Lech in the district of Landsberg in Bavaria in Germany.

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