FIFA

The images and pictures further below illustrate material related to FIFA. The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFAEnglish: International Federation of Association Football) is the international governing body of association football, futsal and beach soccer. Its membership comprises 209 national associations. Its headquarters are in Zurich, Switzerland, and its president is Sepp Blatter. FIFA is responsible for the organisation of football's major international tournaments, notably the World Cup.

History

The need for a single body to oversee association football became apparent at the beginning of the 20th century with the increasing popularity of international fixtures. FIFA was founded in Paris on 21 May 1904; the French name and acronym persist even outside French-speaking countries. The founding members were the national associations of Belgium, Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Spain (represented by Madrid Football Club; the Spanish federation was not created until 1913), Sweden and Switzerland. Also, that same day, the German Association declared its intention of affiliating through a telegram.

The first president of FIFA was Robert Guérin. Guérin was replaced in 1906 by Daniel Burley Woolfall from England, by then a member of the association. The first tournament FIFA staged, the association football competition for the 1908 Olympics in London was more successful than its Olympic predecessors, despite the presence of professional footballers, contrary to the founding principles of FIFA.

Membership of FIFA expanded beyond Europe with the application of South Africa in 1908, Argentina and Chile in 1912, and Canada and the United States in 1913.

During World War I, with many players sent off to war and the possibility of travel for international fixtures severely limited, the organisation's survival was in doubt. Post-war, following the death of Woolfall, the organisation was run by Dutchman Carl Hirschmann. It was saved from extinction, but at the cost of the withdrawal of the Home Nations (of the United Kingdom), who cited an unwillingness to participate in international competitions with their recent World War enemies. The Home Nations later resumed their membership.

The FIFA collection is held by the National Football Museum in England.

Maps and aerial photographs

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Weather (Switzerland)

Current conditions of the weather can be expected as with local temperature of degrees centigrade and a wind speed over ground of km/h.

Structure

FIFA is an association established under the Laws of Switzerland. Its headquarters are in Zurich.

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Close places of interest

FIFA headquarters (0 km)

The headquarters of FIFA (German: FIFA-Hauptquartier) is a distinctive complex in Zurich. The complex has served as the official headquarters of FIFA since its completion in 2006. It is located on the Zürichberg, a wooded hill in District 7. The complex includes a fitness centre, a meditation room, geographically themed parks and a full-size international football pitch. The main building has only two upper levels, resulting in two thirds of the headquarters lying underground.

Fluntern Cemetery (0.32 km)

Also known as Friedhof Fluntern, Fluntern Cemetery is located in the Zürichberg district of Zürich.

Zürich Zoologischer Garten (0.42 km)

The Zürich Zoologischer Garten (Zürich Zoological Garden) is a zoo located in Zürich, Switzerland. It was opened in 1929 and, as of 2004, has 2200 specimens of 300 species. It is located on Zürichbergstrasse, on the lower reaches of the Zürichberg in the Fluntern quarter. One of its popular events is the penguin parade, which is performed daily after noon if the outside temperature is below 10 degrees Celsius. The zoologist Heini Hediger was director of the Zürich Zoo from 1954 to 1973.

Zürichberg (0.73 km)

The Zürichberg is a wooded hill rising to 679 metres (2,228 feet), overlooking Lake Zürich and located immediately to the east of the city of Zürich in Switzerland, between the valleys of the Limmat and the Glatt rivers. Its highest point is about 270 metres above the Limmat and it is part of a chain of hills — among them Käferberg, Adlisberg, Forch and Pfannenstiel — between the Greifensee / Glattal and Lake Zürich. It is a picturesque location and the lower western side of the hill is now part of the residential district of Zürich.

District 7 (Zürich) (1.02 km)

District 7 is a district east of the old town in the Swiss city of Zürich. The district comprises the quarters Fluntern, Hottingen, Hirslanden and Witikon. All entities were formerly municipalities of their own, but were incorporated into Zürich in 1893 (Witikon in 1934).

Other mentions of FIFA

1994 FIFA World Cup

The 1994 FIFA World Cup, the 15th staging of the FIFA World Cup, was held in nine cities across the United States from 17 June to 17 July 1994. The United States was chosen as the host by FIFA on 4 July 1988. Brazil became the first nation to win four World Cup titles when they beat Italy 3–2 in a penalty shootout after the game ended 0–0 after extra-time, the first World Cup final to be decided on penalties. The official match ball was the Adidas Questra. Average attendance was 69,000, a record which still stands today (no other FIFA World Cup has exceeded 53,000 average attendance).

1990 FIFA World Cup

The 1990 FIFA World Cup was the 14th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament. It was held from 8 June to 8 July 1990 in Italy, the second country to host the event twice (the first being Mexico in 1986). Teams representing 116 national football associations from all six populated continents entered the competition, with its qualification process beginning in April 1988. A total of 22 teams qualified from this process, along with host nation Italy and defending champion Argentina. The official match ball was the Adidas Etrusco Unico.

2006 FIFA World Cup

The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football world championship tournament. It was held from 9 June to 9 July 2006 in Germany, which won the right to host the event in July 2000. Teams representing 198 national football associations from all six populated continents participated in the qualification process which began in September 2003. Thirty-one teams qualified from this process, along with the host nation, Germany, for the finals tournament. Italy won the tournament, claiming their fourth World Cup title.

2010 FIFA World Cup

The 2010 FIFA World Cup was the 19th FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams. It took place in South Africa from 11 June to 11 July 2010. The bidding process for hosting the tournament finals was open only to African nations; in 2004, the international football federation, FIFA, selected South Africa over Egypt and Morocco to become the first African nation to host the finals. The matches were played in 10 stadiums in nine host cities around the country, with the final played at the Soccer City stadium in South Africa's largest city, Johannesburg.

1995 FIFA World Youth Championship

The 1995 FIFA World Youth Championship, the 10th edition of the tournament, was held in Qatar from April 13 to April 28, 1995. The tournament took place in three venues in one city: Doha. Qualification 1.Teams that will make their debut.

1950 FIFA World Cup

The 1950 FIFA World Cup, held in Brazil from 24 June to 16 July, was the fourth FIFA World Cup. It was the first World Cup since 1938, the planned 1942 and 1946 competitions having been canceled owing to World War II. It was won by Uruguay, who had won the inaugural competition in 1930, clinching the cup by beating the hosts Brazil 2–1 in the deciding match of the four-team final group (this was the only tournament not decided by a one-match final).
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Sources

Text based information has been extracted from thousands of Wikipedia entries. Weather information is provided by OpenWeatherMap. Location distances have been calculated based on Wikipedia information. Thanks to the services of Google Maps, Bing Maps and OSM (Open Street Map) for map related material.

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