Endicott, New York
The clickable maps and aerial photographs within this page present information related to Endicott, New York. Endicott is a village in Broome County, New York, United States. The population was 13,392 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Binghamton Metropolitan Statistical Area. The village is named after Henry B. Endicott, a founding member of the Endicott Johnson Corporation shoe manufacturing company, who founded the community as the "'Home of the Square Deal'".
The Village of Endicott is in the Town of Union and is west of Binghamton, New York. The town is served by the Greater Binghamton Airport/Edwin A Link Field. It is part of the "Triple Cities", along with Binghamton and Johnson City.
The village of Endicott was originally made up of two distinct villages: "Union Village" (now the historic business district at the intersections of NYS Route 26 and NYS Route 17C), incorporated in 1892, and Endicott (whose center was along Washington Ave. and North St.), which was incorporated in 1906. Union was a market town along the Susquehanna River settled in the 1790s, serving the farming area between Binghamton and Owego. Endicott and Union were merged into a single village in 1921, as the two villages had grown so much that there was no distinction between them.
The Endicott Johnson Corporation
The Endicott Johnson Corporation (EJ) grew out of the Lester Brothers Boot and Shoe Company which began in Binghamton in 1854. In 1890, the Lester Brothers moved their business west to a nearby rural area, which in 1892 was incorporated as the Village of Lestershire and in 1916 became Johnson City. Financial problems in 1890 forced the sale of the company to a creditor and fellow shoemaker, Brahmin Henry Bradford Endicott of Massachusetts, who founded the Endicott Shoe Company and in 1899 made factory foreman George F. Johnson his partner. The village of Endicott is named after Henry B. Endicott.
George F. Johnson was a brilliant businessman and under his direction the Endicott Shoe Company became very prosperous very quickly. His early adoption of a new machine that could stitch "uppers" to "lowers" was the key to his success, meaning that for the first time in history unskilled labor could manufacture shoes. (Prior to this shoes were made by craftsmen called "cobblers" who made shoes on individual order much as tailored men's suits are made today. People who couldn't afford this bought used shoes, and had cobblers regularly replace the soles and heels as they wore out until the uppers disintegrated.)