Cornwall

The maps and pictures below present information related to Cornwall. Cornwall (or) is a unitary authority and ceremonial county of England, within the United Kingdom. Cornwall is a peninsula bordered to the north and west by the Celtic Sea, to the south by the English Channel, and to the east by the county of Devon, over the River Tamar. Cornwall has a population of and covers an area of . The administrative centre, and only city in Cornwall, is Truro, although St Austell, a town, has a larger population.

Cornwall forms the westernmost part of the south-west peninsula of the island of Great Britain, and a large part of the Cornubian batholith is within Cornwall. This area was first inhabited in the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic periods. It continued to be occupied by Neolithic and then Bronze Age peoples, and later (in the Iron Age) by Brythons with distinctive cultural relations to neighbouring Wales and Brittany. There is little evidence that Roman rule was effective west of Exeter and few Roman remains have been found. Cornwall was the home of a division of the Dumnonii tribe – whose tribal centre was in the modern county of Devon – known as the Cornovii, separated from the Brythons of Wales after the Battle of Deorham, often coming into conflict with the expanding English kingdom of Wessex before King Athelstan in AD 936 set the boundary between English and Cornish at the Tamar. From the early Middle Ages, British language and culture was apparently shared by Brythons trading across both sides of the Channel, evidenced by the corresponding high medieval Breton kingdoms of Domnonee and Cornouaille and the Celtic Christianity common to both territories.

Historically tin mining was important in the Cornish economy, becoming increasingly significant during the High Middle Ages and expanding greatly during the 19th century when rich copper mines were also in production. In the mid-19th century, however, the tin and copper mines entered a period of decline. Subsequently china clay extraction became more important and metal mining had virtually ended by the 1990s. Traditionally fishing (particularly of pilchards), and agriculture (particularly of dairy products and vegetables), were the other important sectors of the economy. The railways led to the growth of tourism during the 20th century, however, Cornwall's economy struggled after the decline of the mining and fishing industries. The area is noted for its wild moorland landscapes, its long and varied coastline, its many place-names derived from the Cornish language, and its very mild climate. Extensive stretches of Cornwall's coastline, and Bodmin Moor, are protected as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.

Maps and images

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Weather (United Kingdom)

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Geography of Cornwall (0 km)

The geography of Cornwall describes the extreme southwestern peninsula of Great Britain west of the River Tamar. The population of Cornwall is greater in the less extensive west of the county than the east due to Bodmin Moor's location; however the larger part of the population live in rural areas. It is the only county in England bordered by only one other county, Devon, and is the 9th largest county by area, encompassing 3,563 km² (1,376 mi²). The length of the coast is large in proportion to the area of the county.

Creed, Cornwall (1.32 km)

Creed is a village in Cornwall, United Kingdom. It is roughly midway between Truro and St Austell, about two miles (3 km) east of Probus. Creed is in the civil parish of Grampound with Creed and the name comes from Sancta Crida, from Saint Cride, the patron of the church. The manor of Tybesta was the head manor of the hundred of Powder in the time of Domesday and later one of the 17 Antiqua maneria of the Duchy of Cornwall. William Gregor, the discoverer of titanium, was rector here.

Bohago (1.65 km)

Bohago is a house in the parish of Creed, Cornwall.

Probus, Cornwall (4.01 km)

Probus (Cornish: Lamprobus) is a civil parish and village in Cornwall, England, in the United Kingdom. It is famous for having the tallest church tower in Cornwall. The tower is high, and richly decorated with carvings. The place name originates from the church's dedication to Saint Probus. History There was a monastery here before the Norman Conquest which continued to exist until the reign of Henry I. King Henry gave the church of Probus to Exeter Cathedral and the clergy of Probus thereafter were a dean and five canons (the deanery was abolished in 1268 and the canonries in 1549).

Trewarthenick (5.72 km)

Trewarthenick is a hamlet in the civil parish of Tregony in Cornwall, England, UK. Trewarthenick lies within the Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB). Almost a third of Cornwall has AONB designation, with the same status and protection as a National Park. William Gregor, the discoverer of titanium, was born on the Trewarthenick Estate as was his brother Francis Gregor, MP for the County of Cornwall from 1790 to 1806.

Other mentions of Cornwall

Cornwall Railway viaducts

The Cornwall Railway company constructed a railway line between Plymouth and Truro, England, opening in 1859, and extended it to Falmouth in 1863. The topography of Cornwall is such that the route, which is generally east-west, cuts across numerous deep river valleys that generally run north-south. At the time of construction of the line, money was in short supply due to the collapse in confidence following the railway mania, and the company sought ways of reducing expenditure.

West Cornwall Township, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania

West Cornwall Township is a township in Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is part of the Lebanon, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,909 at the 2000 census. Geography According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 8.7 square miles (22.6 km²), all of it land. Demographics As of the census of 2000, there were 1,909 people, 789 households, and 583 families residing in the township. The population density was 218.9 people per square mile (84.5/km²). There were 944 housing units at an average density of 108.2/sq mi (41.

North Cornwall Township, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania

North Cornwall Township is a township in Lebanon County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is part of the Lebanon, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. History The Gloninger Estate was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. Geography According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 9.5 square miles (24.7 km²), all of it land. Demographics As of the census of 2000, there were 6,403 people, 2,467 households, and 1,751 families residing in the township. The population density was 672.8 people per square mile (259.7/km²).

Royal Cornwall Show

The Royal Cornwall Agricultural Show, usually called the Royal Cornwall Show, is an agricultural show organised by The Royal Cornwall Agricultural Association, which takes place at the beginning of June each year, at Wadebridge in North Cornwall. The show lasts for three days and attracts approximately 120,000 visitors annually, making it one of Cornwall's major tourist attractions.

Royal Cornwall Hospital

The Royal Cornwall Hospital, formerly and still known outside of local television news as Treliske Hospital, is a medium-sized teaching hospital situated in Treliske on the outskirts of Truro, Cornwall, England. The hospital is used for clinical training of medical students from the Peninsula Medical School which is maintained by the University of Plymouth and the University of Exeter. The Royal Cornwall Hospital is one of three main hospitals operated by the Royal Cornwall Hospitals Trust (RCHT), the others being at St Michael's Hospital, Hayle and West Cornwall Hospital, Penzance.

University of Exeter, Cornwall Campus

University of Exeter, Cornwall Campus (UECC) is a campus of the University of Exeter at Tremough, in Penryn, Cornwall. Since 2004 it has housed all the University's operations in Cornwall, previously scattered across a number of different sites. It is set in of countryside, but close to the towns of Penryn and Falmouth, and the campus has a population of around 4,000 students. All the Cornwall departments are constitutionally parts of Schools also represented at the University's Exeter campuses, but for historical reasons they vary in the extent to which they have a distinct Cornish identity.
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