Latitude: 22.6131

Longitude: 120.264

Region: --

Cihou Fort

The maps and pictures below show facts related to Cihou Fort. Qihou Fort or Qihou Battery – 19th century fort, formerly guarding northern entrance to Kaohsiung harbour.

History

First fortifications were built in 1720, during Kangxi's reign. After Japanese expedition in 1874 Chinese authorities constructed a modern fort, which in 1880 had new Armstrong's guns installed. It played no part in Sino-French War; the fighting in Taiwan took place around Keelung and during blockade French ships did not approach the port.

Taiwan was ceased to Japan according to the Treaty of Shimonoseki in the aftermath of the first Sino-Japanese war. The local troops, however, fought on. On 12 October 1895, escadre commanded by admiral Arichi Shinanojo (cruisers YoshinoYaeyama, Saien (ex Chinese Jiyuan, captured in Weihaiwei) and corvette Hiei) arrived at Kaohsiung and prompted the foreigners to evacuate, as they would conduct the attack on the next day. The foreigners boarded gunboat HMS Tweed and two tugs and withdrew (only to return once the fight was over). At 7 am, 13 October, Japanese ships opened fire on the forts, which returned the fire, but were silenced after half an hour. The Chinese fired 24 rounds altogether, the best of which landed ca 500 yards from Japanese cruisers. The Japanese troops seized the forts in early afternoon, suffering no casualties (4 Chinese soldiers were killed).

During Japanese era the fort was not used.

After World War II the hill was fortified by Chinese army: light gun and machine gun nests cut in the rock can still be found there.

Maps and aerial photographs

The maps and pictures below can be selected for further inspection.
 

More information about Cihou Fort

Construction

Planned by British engineer, H. W. Harwood, the fort consists of three parts:

  • fortified barracks, around rectangular square, with close-defence parapet on the roof. Of the two gates, one leads to the battery, the other used to be a main southern gate. It bore a Chinese inscription, which could be translated as "Mighty blow to the South" – the characters for "mighty blow" were shot away by a shell from Yoshino. The rest, still visible, serve as ironic remainder of history.
  • central command post
  • main rectangular battery with four open emplacements (two facing west, one north and one south) for four Armstrong's 7 inch rifled muzzle-loaders (RML 7-inch 6½-ton), with bunkers for crews. Magazines are located on the lower level. Steep slopes of the Qihou hill served as fort's natural scarps.

Of the 19th-century fortification at the foot of the hill, only remainders are still visible.

Wikipedia has even more information about Cihou Fort.

Close places of interest

National Sun Yat-sen University (0.48 km)

National Sun Yat-sen University (abbreviation: NSYSU) is a public, graduate-led, small-medium sized research university located in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Re-established in 1980, it was named after Dr. Sun Yat-sen approval by the notable alumni of the original Sun Yat-sen University. With six colleges, NSYSU is prestigious in oceanography, optoelectronics, nanotechnology, wireless communication, knowledge management, economics and business management programs. It ranks as the 1st in Taiwan and 30th in the world according to the THE ranking of the 100 best universities under the age of 50 (2012).

Former British Consulate at Takao (0.71 km)

The British Consulate at Takao is a former British consulate built in 1865 in the city of Kaohsiung in south-west Taiwan. It has been designated as a 2nd Class Historic Site by the Taiwanese Ministry of the Interior. Located in Gushan District it lies at the peak of Shaochuantou and overlooks Sizihwan Bay and Kaohsiung Port. It currently serves as a cafe and tourist attraction.

Kaohsiung Fisherman's Wharf (1.46 km)

The Port of Kaohsiung is one of the top 10 great ports in the world. In the process of Taiwan's economy developing, it has played a very important role successfully. The Kaohsiung Fisherman's Wharf (高雄港漁人碼頭) is originally the no.2 port of the port of Kaohsiung, and its previous function was exporting bananas, wood and steel. However, because of the transformation of economy and container automation, the function of the port was declining gradually. Fortunately, the government promotes the tourism industry in these years, so the no.

Port of Kaohsiung (1.54 km)

The Port of Kaohsiung is the largest harbor in Taiwan, handling approximately 10 million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU) worth of cargo in 2007. The port is located in southern Taiwan, adjacent to Kaohsiung City, surrounded by the city districts of Gushan, Yancheng, Lingya, Cianjhen, Siaogang, and Cijin. It is operated by Taiwan International Ports Corporation, the Taiwan's only state-owned harbor management company. History The port was a natural lagoon before being eventually developed through into a modern harbor over the period of several hundred years.

Takao Railway Museum (1.58 km)

The Takao Railway Museum is a museum in Gushan, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Transportation The museum is accessible within walking distance East from Sizihwan Station of the Kaohsiung MRT.

Other mentions of Cihou Fort

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Sources

Text based information has been extracted from thousands of Wikipedia articles. Weather information is provided by OpenWeatherMap. Location distances have been calculated based on Wikipedia information. Thanks to Google, BING and OSM (Open Street Map) for map related material.

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